Listen to the latest audio content relevant to the Jewish community. This playlist features Jewish individuals having great conversations on relevant topics through a cultural lens. Grow your faith with cultural reflection, history and current events. Sourced from premium podcasts.
Eva Schloss on Holocaust forgiveness
"This S Charlie Goals Jewish. States those who listen for those who are willing to listen. Now. Thank you very much. tweed action. and. I've. Lived a long time and have experienced a lot of wonderful things but Israel. I'm believable Bihar. And of course, it leaves it says sign on my way overlooking. World. Let's just bring it back to today in this country. I think it's fair to say that British Jews experienced a visceral form of antisemitism that they have never done before with the election of Jeremy Corbyn, the leader ship of the Labor Party and the genuine threat that should he have won the election in December twenty nine hundred thank goodness didn't that Future, existence in the united. Kingdom. was under threats. Can I ask you in this for years of quite quite considerable pain for the Jewish community here? Could you feel parallels with what she experienced in Vienna announced the damage as a child not at all not at all and no people's starting to be afraid he upset about it. But as always say Sicily announcing and you know unfortunately antisemitism has always been and always be I don't know why but it is affects. Who is essential his and? It does it's just. It's language. So it's subsequent assist inborn in the people, but it is thus Mention it just same. Like what this I'm doesn't. Nazi. Time. So I must say, it doesn't really bother me and mustard personally offend million may. Not experienced any antisemitism in again thank you for making that clear. Now, you lived in the same apartment block in Amsterdam and frank, and you were only a month apart in Asian. Playmates together in early teenage, and then in nineteen forty two, you both went into hiding to avoid the Nazi effort to capture Jews in Amsterdam. Now, you'll family was captured by the Nazis after being betrayed by double agent in the Dutch underground and transported to Auschwitz. You father and brother didn't survive the ordeal, but you and your mother were barely alive while you afraid by Soviet troops in nineteen, forty five. How Did it feel. To have left your home city of the Anna. To try and create new life understood them. And for that to happen to you, even as you fled from way you used to. Well as it was. At tangible tangible time. Have a very happy little girl in Australia had old plaza who was Like older process should be very protective for me. I have a sort of a viable child. It was much more at a bookworm and he had to be all his stories which he was dating Again. Pants. Kaslow's advice Elliott wonderful family life, and then to go to Belgium. Glad we got out of Australia Benny. Many of our family members didn't because it was spent thirty eight. It was very difficult to get past the German Jews had already gone to England and land, and France and everywhere, and most of those companies did the daily want any more Jews? So only if you're somebody special. got visas any more. But advising referenced in Jim and then Mefatha actually lift in Holland and remain Belgium, and of course, the war stock that my father had asked to get as well to Holland because in a war board as will be closed and view may not be able to see. So in in forties ewing's a wall that in February nineteen forty because visas to for three months to visit by Fassa in in Holland. So relief like you say on the same Dressy not an apartment block, it was a hold area of. More than it'll buildings and there was eleven years old. But of course, you know ahead on trust French said ahead to Dutch Andam. difficult to accept that Baz also children and even by the teaches and. So lost all my confidence. became shy Biz stone but friendly and eventually settled down. But of course, the Nazis invaded. And, of course, a measures Jewish people started to come. And for two years VI IN FIA to be arrested. And in nineteen forty two, then southbound young people go to call up notice have to come to a place respect pex given exactly start Schefter Blake to deported to Germany to work in German factories. But Zach to him benighted forty-two most of German Jews had been deported to get us or two camps. So why on Earth should your one more young Jewish be to Cup to Germany? So Zet sit time when Anna's Fazah auto frank and my father and many other Jewish feminists is cited civil send Sam young people, but we would go into hiding. While I was just sit at ten years old. And my father called us together. And he said, hence, you not going to set you we going to hiding. But we couldn't find a family who was to take it for people. So we have split up. I go visit my Mazda enhance feel bismuth files. And that started to cry. And did not want to be separated the game.
Early childhood sex education
"So so much to talk about when it comes to sex education that we really need a split this topic up into two smaller episodes. So this episode we're going to be talking about sex ED with younger kids. This is part one, and then you can stay tuned for part to in the future when will discuss sex education teens and young adults. So sex education with younger kids. So I feel like the number one question with this topic that I actually have heard people ask me people I feel like like this is just everyone's like top question is when should you start speaking to your kids about sex? Right? How young is too young or how old is too old I love this question my favorite question and there is no such thing as too young and I think that comes from people understanding that when you the moment you are holding touching, kissing your baby, you are teaching them about Zack's like that is the most critical thing like to understand that teaching A. Child, about sex is teaching them about their body feeling comfortable with their body understanding that loving touch could be really amazing as they get older using the correct body parts and needs for body parts talking about sex super comfortably when they're really young when it's not comfortable and then it develops as time goes on and getting books for kids even at age two or three about like body parts and taking care of their bodies and ready five or six and a little bit where babies come from. So you'll people are often shocked when I say start really on the are so many reasons to start young the younger you start. Better. Could I just ask a question though about the use of the term sex education in all of those areas because When you talk about hugging and kissing out of affection for your child to me that's not sex or that's something to be distinguished from sexual touch or body parts even though their sexual organs there they have other functions as well. I'm wondering why this all put under the heading of sex education because sex education starts with a really good sense of her own. Body and sexuality like that is just it's a basis for being able to have the tax and so understanding your body being comfortable with your body being able to talk about your body picking up the fact that those aren't things are not shameful at touch is important. Part of all this that is that is the building blocks the underlying building blocks for sex education. I think another super important point is that at the very young age often kids getting talks about like stranger danger and about like who who is it appropriate to? Reveal your body in front of WHO's allowed to touch your body. So all of these things which are really age appropriate for very young kids are like really the fundamentals of Lake consent and body autonomy which is not usually how we think about it but I think that's also like a like a real fundamental of of sex ed I'm really glad you raised that because I think it's the most understandable to people. You WanNA teach consent when they're older as the consent that we think of as consent. But already when you have a three year old and you insist that three year old kisses, uncle, Harry you're sort of giving a masjid may not want to. You know one of my favorite sex educators. That from day her children are born basically they have a choice. It's like wave hogger kiss or something or shake hands wave or kiss like an every time they meet somebody they get to choose how they interact with that person and that is she believes the bottom line of sent in the end I think that she's right and so it's the same kind of thing if. They grow up feeling comfortable saying the giant and Penis and vulva any no their body parts don't feel shame with them back is going to be one of the building blocks that helps them have a good healthy sex life. It's very hard to kind of go back and age you know fifteen or eighteen or twenty-one and say, well, you shouldn't have shame about those things because. They're not sample when you've been treating them shameful since the day they were born. Another really important thing. Sorry guys I'm really passionate about this topic. I think another really important point when kids are very young as like the first time you see your kid touching their own private parts, right unlike how that's like such an opportunity for parents to really address that in like in open affirming healthy way, I'll pose it as a question for Chevra. Like if you're a parent your three year old. Daughter is touching her vulva. How do you handle that conversation? So that's such. A common question might cause your kids are going to masturbate. You have raised the not to be ashamed of their body they're gonNA try touch their body does it's GonNa feel good to them, and the way you respond is completely setting the stage for how they're gonNA react to their bodies and even if you just sort of your lips and the big deep oh my God and then don't see anything that's a message getting press breast your children it's almost like. Messages are given even if you're not copying need to be aware of that. So it's absolutely essential that you are super comfortable with this which honestly I almost we jumped the gun because I feel like the most important thing about sex education for parents especially with little kids is to start becoming comfortable themselves. If you are lucky enough to be addressing this when your kids are really little, you're lucky enough to say, okay, I'm GonNa get past the hump of feeling uncomfortable with this. And you need to really be honest with yourself because I cannot tell you how often I see parents groups and they say, well, how many of you are comfortable time at and everybody raises their hand and then I how many of you actually talked about sex you gives none of them, raise your hand or of them raise their hands and I'm like well, why not amazing what we could ask and the kids are going to ask you need. To start this conversation and you need to be really comfortable and it's much easier when your child is two or three or four, or five or six to have these conversations and
Black Power and Jewish Politics with Marc Dollinger
"So highmark. Welcome to the PODCAST. Great to be here. Thank you. Yeah. I'm really glad that you can join us for I. Think Really Important and relevant conversation. I read through the book I think it's a fantastic book. I think that you're offering a revision of some of the ways in terms of how people have understood. Especially, Jewish people have understood the question of the history of black Jewish relations. You maybe WANNA get US started off by saying a brief word about your argument in the book and what it is that you're putting forward. Yes, sure when I was growing up as a white suburban Jewish kitten in in La I learned that the civil rights movement was the story of a black Jewish alliance that brought heroic Jews to the south where they fought on behalf of racial justice until the mid nineteen sixties. The. Rise of black militancy of. Black Power of anti-semitism. Community purge Jews and ended what was a wonderful alliance. When I looked in the archives though and began researching the book. I discovered an entirely different story emerging instead of sort of the Dr King Rabbi Hessel arm in arm narrative that I was raised on. I. Found that even White Male Jewish leaders of National Jewish organizations understood as early as the nineteen fifties. There was a fundamental difference between being white and Jewish in America and being black? In. America. And they in fact, knew that there would be limits to the black Jewish alliance and That was my first sort of shocking discovery in terms of revising I knew growing up. It's a really jarring perspective for a lot of people Jewish people I want to say who grow up thinking about and being taught about this alliance within the civil rights movement and the involvement of Jews within the civil rights movement. So I think that what you're offering here is a almost radical perspective, a radical revision of how we understand the role of the Jews in the civil rights movement. I'd like to frame it s a both and and it's really important I to acknowledge the extraordinary American Jewish participation in the civil rights movement and in social justice causes. When you look at the ethnic groups in America, Jews are the most liberal. Progressive. Democratic. Party. Now Voting Group only African Americans vote more. And by that standard I think there's justifiable pride amongst American Jews for the work that we have done and those perspectives have been covered in the historic. Already. What's also true is even as many heroic. Jews. Did go to the south to register voters and in some tragic cases, of course, gave their lives most Americans use didn't. And there became almost sort of in the north, a sense that watching on TV, what the Jewish heroes were doing extended to them as well. So what my book is trying to do is take a broader more inclusive look of all Americans, or at least white American Jews, and now we get to see more complexity to what's going on. So I don't see this as as undermining. The existing truth about Jewish involvement but I see it hopefully deepening it and making it more complex. Why do you think that it's important to offer this complexity to the narrative of first of all? It's surprising in and of itself there's something that custodians recall historical memory, which is what actually happened and what we remember or think happened what we were taught happened is often different. In fact, there's a history of historical memory which says the way in which we choose to remember or forget or analyze or spin. If you want to be more cynical, our historical past actually is meaningful in and of itself. So what I found, when I was surprised to find was that as early as the nineteen fifties, Jewish leaders were calling out the limits of white Jewish liberalism and the inevitability of of African American autonomy and what would become the rise of black power. So at the very time that the public narrative was consensus arm in arm. But I love the called peace love and Bobby. Sherman. Everything's great. At that moment, even the Jewish leaders who were engaged in that kind of consensus politics understood its limits. That's the part that we've forgotten. I think over the last fifty or sixty years and I think it's really important especially in today's climate for us to understand better that it was always deep and complicated an intense and we knew about it at the time. And then the real story is how in journalism and historiographer and in public memory, we sort of forgotten that element until we've remembered it again with the national reckoning on race
What is Judaisms view of Jesus?
"As. We take a look at the Jewish view of Jesus Christ. There is one thing that we know for sure and that is that Judaism does not believe that Christ is the Jewish Messiah. In fact, they believe that is just a fable created by Christianity. Now much of what we see about the Jewish Messiah is from the talent and remember that the time it was something that was written after the time of Christ, and we mentioned in an earlier rap report that it was something that was a redacted work. So therefore, they would edit the later writings of the town would from the earlier and so much of it. Is Responsive and reactionary to the view that Jesus was the Messiah they're reacting to Christianity. Now, they believed that this person who was to be Messiah was known from before the time began, but they believe he was just a human being a human being who is divinely appointed to carry out a special task. They do not believe that he's any supernatural or superhuman deliver. So the one thing that they're all unanimous about when it comes to the comet in all the rabbis is that they are convinced that Jesus Christ could not have been the Messiah. That's one thing. They all seem to agree that there seems to be some differences of who the Messiah would be. and. This is an important point. The differentiates Christianity from Judaism if you won't get more where you can get my book, what do they believe? What do they believe dot com
"I was born burst shave I grew up in Beersheva that's God defeats new today. God. These a fifty years old but forty years ago when Gandhi was just ten UA sent out on an errand that basically landed him where he is today. Major said to buy milk. Find the puppy and just take the puppy, bring it to my mother and she said, no, no. No, he's not going to stay here. Sorry and she took me together with the pappy today shelter. Bersheva the SPCA or southbound clean is the society for the prevention of Cruelty to animals. They mainly give shelter to abandoned an injured cats and dogs and try to find homes for them. They also have a lot of educational activities and raise awareness for the wellbeing of animals. The Israeli chapter was actually founded long before the state. In, one, thousand, nine, hundred, twenty, seven during the British mandate. With route anyway God the mother stepped into the local bill chef branch in God couldn't believe his eyes. Remember was shopping so so many dogs barking and barking and I was so sad like I understood it's a good place for them. was begging begging to be they want to say come in and play with them and talk to them, and maybe hug them. So dennehy I realized that I. Need to come almost every day, and then I start to come almost every day after school instead of school. Saturdays and holidays. That was my oldest childhood. Gaddi became extremely committed volunteer leaving the shelter working with the dogs around. Selling cookies and lemonade to make. Sense for the dogs and cats everything everything. Really, see my heart I don't know something that I always say Kenneth See animals suffering and they need help and not to do anything and did you convince your mother to Let You keep the dog I try to but didn't success but after. A she they agreed that the we have a dog, we adopted a dog. A in Bursch Chevron and we have a dog but. The first one that you said, no, it's changed my life. I think. I think she today's vca. You knows maybe take me there got the ultimately left bill ship and moved to Tel Aviv. But one thing hasn't changed from then I did leave the. For the last twenty years he served as the organization's spokesperson and let's just say he's been pretty busy since the pandemic struck into Gerona time. It's starting very bad. A lot of people start to abandon. The animals was scared at what what's going to be now going to have so many animals that people want to throw away people are scared if they can bring this to them, you know the Koran they the Koran out they I don't know just Keb ages not contagious people. Emphatically, it'll be the number of abandoned animals spiked and amid all the uncertainty and chaos of those early days. Got The and his colleagues tried to reassure the public retell. The people don't be afraid it's not contagious from. To human beings and for you. Don't be afraid. And then something happened suddenly spca shelters around the country were packed but not with abandoned animals instead, they were packed with people. Seeking to adopt a quarantine companion, you know people want to adopt dogs and cats in the time I think the virus Gerona did something great for the abandoned animals almost all day shelters in Israel are M. T. now adoption adoption adoption option option adoption, everyday adoption, lot corruption I. Never See before never never never seen before unbelievable it's something that. I don't know what to say thanks Kona while it's very good for those indicates that they don't want the corner state for sure I. Don't want say they want the dogs cats find good place
Interview With Stephen Lamonby
"As an engineer Steven Lamb designed navy torpedoes satellite carrying Rookus oil rigs special effects for Hollywood blockbusters films like saving. Private Ryan. Ryan's just to name. Finding him. So even though homes that earns me the right to get back to my wife and. That's my mission. To. Remove your helmet and tell me Your name. Name is gladiator. I will have my venues. Generous with his time he proved that so many times when he was working at solar giving up his time for free. After the lectures were over. With students who needed that extra tuition, he joined university as a part time lecturer in special effects and mechanical engineering. And he really does turn dry boring lectures because I've definitely sat through some lectures which are quite boring into exciting practical demonstrations. And is it true that you constructed a fake Russian tank and it was used on the streets of Saint Petersburg James Bond movie. Goldeneye? Yes, we did. Yeah. We did that. How did that come about? Because the Russians didn't WanNA. Wheel tank driving over the cobblestones. Smashing cobblestones up around the Mojica Palace. So we built a tank like a kid's toy which rubber tracks and underneath had wheels. So we'll take but not break anything and how did you get into the James Bond movie. To supply. Thanks. Okay, the power of tanks they you got the PUTT supplied. All, the military vehicles for Saving Private Ryan. Was Elvis choice for the James Bond Films. Thank you a sexist misogynist dinosaur relative to. James. WAISTBAND. Like boys with toys. I wouldn't single. Chatting, sophisticated secret agent shaken but not to stir, we're actually by the river. In Winchester as the people won't buy on a sunny August stay. And a lot of people didn't about you. Thank you very much for joining us software pleasure because of that private lunch last year. So perhaps you could set the record straight firstly in what context did you say the words Jewish people are among? The cleverest in the world. It came up in conversation. About Physics I've always an interest since I was a boy in astrophysics. because. I couldn't believe that one hundred years ago almost. Albert Einstein we're talking about such abstract subjects as light being affected by gravity. And he works out the speed of light, which was a phenomenal thing to do in the nineteen twenties. How did this man come to realizations about what actually control the will then what does control the world? And the whole universe that we live in? So. My interest was based on this philosophy. On physics. And when the lady Mico sleater told me that she was a qualified physicist and she was American. It was almost involuntary question for me to Oscar. She was Jewish and again, this was a private lunch at a private lynch over Cup of coffee. Now, it was also reported to say that you said that black men on the privileged needle help that they can get. Yes. I did say that. Because I've worked all over the world of work in Africa I worked in South Africa Mozambique worked in North Africa. And I realized that a lot of people in Africa are culturally disadvantaged. Cheaper to anybody else. But. The coach or they grow up in doesn't give them the advantages that we have in the West. And therefore, I was always prepared to give them extra help. In addition to this, it was reported in the Times by Phillips that you told Dr Burner. Most Nigerians did not have it in their DNA to be engineers. Is this true? Absolutely not true. This was one of the spiteful comments made by my course. Lita. In a fifth of of temper to get me set knowing. It would certainly get me ten. She also alleged other city things. Like that I was a totalitarian. Does, one become a totalitarian over coffee break. Did you say anything about DNA and African students I said nothing about ten not not an area of expertise of mine. I know nothing about it I only know that gets us by the police. In various reports, you read in the papers on I know nothing about DNA.
Arielle Korman, Mira Rivera
"Reo is the CO founder and executive director of a mood. She's a Jewish educator performer and perpetual student who is a former Fulbright research fellow and has taught at the national hoverer institute door to door tutoring and was the two thousand nine. Hundred thousand feature teacher at the Jewish singing retreat. Let my people sing Mirror Rivera is a board member of a mood where she also serves as resident rabbi. She has rabbinic ordination from the Jewish, theological seminary and services a rabbi at New York's Roman Nu- She has also board certified Chaplain Mirror. Rivera is also co chair of the Rabbinical Council of Jews for racial and economic justice. Jay. Fridge. And the CO founder with Rene L. Hill of Harlem. Have Ruta a brave space for Jews of Color Allies and co-conspirators in partnership with the Community of Saint Mary's Episcopal Church a professional dancer with the Martha Graham Dance Company before rabbinical school she taught hundreds of New York City Public School children through the National Dance Institute Arielle Cormon Mirror Rivera, welcome to Judaism unbounded. So great to have you. Here, thank you. We're really excited to talk about a mood. It's such an interesting and important project. I'll give a little bias in that. I'm really interested in this in particular because I've been on the board of Sfar for many years, which is the issue of the Torah Academy, the Talmud Academy for lgbtq folks are that comes out of the Experience Lgbtq Q. Folks. It's probably a better way to say it and. When I first heard about a mood I was so excited to hear that there was something that seemed similar from edge use of color perspective. So it's something that I've really wanted to explore for a long time that both of us have and and we're really thrilled to finally have this opportunity. So Mirror I was wondering if we could start with a little bit of the origin story of a mood. In, two, thousand, eighteen, I was invited to be in the Selah Cohort fifteen of bend the arc four juice of color by Jews of color and there I met Ya McCoy will meet her the year previously. And part of that training. Was a study that we that she called. J O C. Tour Academy. And it was several afternoons where we would look text from an anti oppression lands, and at the end of that hurt I was sitting with you who the webster was hard the cohurt. We looked at each other and I said, why does this have to be only part of this training? We need this to be real, and so we started talking with start talking about that. So that was may of two, thousand eighteen. By June or July. Are Corman had come back from Israel at, pass it to you. I did a fulbright year in Israel I live in. Jerusalem and when it came back, I became involved in. J. Fridge which is to cherish on economic justice. And Colored. Caucus. Part of my involvement. J.. Fridge I was connected to Huda Webster An. I approached you Huta saying that I wanted to teach a small class on the politics of Hebrew pronunciation and I wanted to teach it for Jews of color of an Alexi that you're smiling because acid is immensely nerdy deeply nerdy. Added belts deeply important but you huda one up to me and he said what if instead of just having your class, we actually create a container for this kind of learning to happen more often. and. So that really launched the idea of. Jesus, Colored Tour Academy, which became a mood colored tour academy and we started out by a every other week having a person in the community, a Jewish person of color in a community teach whatever they wanted and we we started her first Beta run I'm really got to see what what kinds of topics were interesting. How did the groups of people showed up for different topics differ in and we basically got to conduct all this research We launched our first full year after the high holidays. This past fall in two thousand nineteen. And we just completed our first full year of classes. We got here because for as long as there have been Jewish. People color navigating predominantly white Jewish space the roots have been growing and deepening. People like you. Huda. Myself were able to found something like this because of all that work that had been happening. JESSOP. Color entering wet Jewish is being Jewish spaces and also getting to know one another.
"So you'll high, what was working on this piece like for you, what? Did you learn first of all I learned how difficult it is for community that so knit to separate itself all of a sudden like what valiant effort. They did to actually do that once they realize what was going on. And the price is heavy prices. They paid I learned how lockdown affects people very differently lockdown, not the same for a young couple with the one kid or a bachelor living alone or with some roommates, as it is for a mother of you know six seven thirteen kids. Another thing I learned. Is You know these people are very positive? Even when I talked to them, and I talked to remember, I talked to people who had very strong complaints. That's that's how I reached them. Even those people at the end. All of them felt it was very important to end with a positive message. Hopeful message that we can all learn to get along better and. They'll never complain. They'll say you know. It's very very hard, but So. That was really inspiring for me. Being myself stuck with three kids at home and much. Full of. Self pity. That story was produced by High May. Together with our amazing production intern Marie Huda. Ari Jacob wrote and performed the original music. We don't usually think the interviewees in our stories, but this times different since for many of them, talking to the media, especially to non Hundred d media isn't a trivial matter. So. Thank you willy. Dick Mantova Henny Judy near Hyme Teitelbaum. You the elite Menachem Tokyo Shag leak and many others who preferred to remain anonymous, a special thanks to a wicked Zana the national anti-racism coordinator for the Department of Justice, who was incredibly helpful throughout the process of putting this piece together. Before we sign off. Let's check back in with sergeant. Alex Smith the Home Front Command squad leader patrolling the streets of. His assignment like that of many other soldiers was really a bit strange. After all the deem, don't buy large. Go into the army. In fact, some of them are quite hostile towards the arm. So Alex wasn't sure how it would all go down I. Thought I would be getting things thrown at me or like getting shouted from the other side of the street stuff. Like what is the army doing? Hugh, get out of place. I can tell you that as soon as they see us coming there like and they put on the face mask or go to another place. So what do you do you go and knock on people's doors or where? How'd you? How'd you convey this information? No, we do not going to people's homes. We are going close to supermarkets to hospitals. Two clinics in how the hundred received the soldiers so far so good. We have not had any problems set. Like what are you doing you or what? Why is your army coming into a neighborhood? Not all. You're not the right I. Am not I am a secular you I I would say. And is this the first time that you've had significant interaction with with him? Yes, and say that it's nothing like I would have expected I. Not all the like for real are taking us the way we are and leading. Do what we are intending to do, which is to help them and they're cooperating. Also which I think is fantastic
Immigrant pride in Britain
"Trevor Phillips talked about a sense of mission creep in diversity and heroin Hera Dane distinguished between power and influence, arguing that the trump and Johnson were in power. Many of our institutions were influencing against him. Scroll back after this episode to hear the first part of this twin podcast on Johnny Gould's Jewish state. Today Catherine, verbal on the unifying goal of Britishness for those of US lucky to live here and Nyah philomen Iman on how humanity and its possibilities should always be counted about identity. Listen for those who are willing to listen. This is Johnny. Gold's Jewish state of Richard Kim joked with me. The Jews actually more patriotic than the general population. I mean most Jews. I've met in this country. Patriotic, the most non rights hunter, yes, and if you you just you just take for example in a synagogue on Friday A. Press for the Queen and their press listeners now. Donna very much doubt you'll find those in the church. Of England and multi million selling record producer Trevor Horn quoted Leviticus Jewish faith, it says seek the Fortune on. Successive the city to which you have. No I think that's I think that's the way. That's what they do. Jews try and make things better that. The country and and they you know the gross like you separate religion. You need them to help with an. Amazing Resource. You know scroll back for these two amazing views earlier. You'll have expressed today which chimed from within Jewish family. Catherine Bob I'll saying came to prominence ten years ago. When at that is conservative? Party conference speaking support the Party's education policies. She slated a culture of excuses of low standards are see bureaucracy and the chaos of classrooms because it keeps poor children poor. After huge rows and barriers put up in front of her. As she confronted a prevailing culture, she sets up the Michaela Secondary, school in Wembley. Her pupils read five. Shakespeare plays in three years that told a culture of kindness which includes helping each other and their families and offering adults there seats on buses in the tube. She also has an incisive word about how black a nation kids are subtly told, then, not British. Do you feel you've had to prove yourself more than most because of your philosophies on education? Yes we take a slightly different way of doing things. God behavior got teaching methods got the ethos, and so it's been a bit of A. Bite to persuade people that this is an option that's worth trying may now with our outstanding off stead, and with our grizold Jesus last year. It seems pretty obvious that this is a a valid way of doing things. But when we started, it was far from being valid. People thought we were a bit crazy frankly to to be doing what we were doing. There is a prevailing wind in education. Still blows against you, Catherine sued. You still are people. They're trying to trip you up all the time. If there are any sort of dropping of standards, I know, that will be disciplined, standards are central to your ethos, but but there's a lot of people not on your side. Yeah, that's true although I have to say many of them have owned by the wayside over the years and not I do feel in a way. Many of them have just given up because we kept on going and it is hard to. To argue against the school that is giving city children chances that they wouldn't otherwise have had. That's teaching them so well. They're you know they really are just defying all the expectations, and also we get over six hundred businesses every year. Mainly Teachers Knoll is teachers. Say My goodness. They're so well behaved. They're so curious there so independently minded. They're so nice, you know. The children are just nice, so when when you got anecdotal evidence like that and you've also got kind of data that shows that we're doing very well. It is hard to argue against it so. People who do argue against it tends to just be. Personal attacks. You know they just don't like me or they don't like. Is They? Don't like school. Stands for an tend to say things like all. No, not at school again. They don't really have any off because there are no arguments, so they dislike as without. Prejudice basically
Alone, Together - A Covid Nurse's Story
"March twenty second twenty twenty. My heart is broken on Friday night. My worst fears were realized as I watched. My beloved patient are Evan. Take his last breath on earth. To other patients rush to his side with tears in my eyes I watched them instinctively placed their hands on his eyes and recite the Shema prayer. At Him and said goodbye I says holy soul entered the gates of heaven. That's like Gamaa. Normally she's in oncology nurse, but back in March, when covert I hit, Israel will head was one of a handful of nurses transferred to the new corona virus warded. Her Hospital shallots Nick Medical Center in Jerusalem. She worked day and night, following strict isolation protocols that meant among other things wearing full protective gear in ministering care via video intercon's. She was often frightened as were many of her patients. One of them was eighty eight year old Alliott Evan who on March Twentieth Twenty Twenty, sadly became Israel's first covert casualty of at home shallots. They will show Lime Methuselah Hullah Evan Evan Bench morning. Wish antisocial anyhow by Damon Asoka de Corps F. When she'd come home after a shift, a hell would often sit down at her computer and recount her experiences on facebook those posts and will link to a bunch of them on our site. Read Lak- diary. This is her reading the post she wrote right after he passed away. I know what the next step is, and I'm already dreading it. Traditionally when a Jew dies, there's a series of rituals including washing the body that take place, but hunter the now with covert. Everything would be different missile heavily. The Ministry of Health has prepared us with instructions on how to deal with disease covid nineteen patients. We are the first hospital in Israel to implement this protocol. Similar to casualties of biological warfare, our treatment of the body needs to be done in a way that will not endanger us. Because of this there can be no purification or Tahara process. This Jewish. Ritual is sacrificed to protect us and everyone else who will come in contact with him? Me and the other nurse Mahal are responsible for identifying him for burial. will be the last ones to see and care for him physically. My dear Aria. You survived the horrors of the Holocaust immigrated to Israel. Established DEMOC deficit family, and your extraordinary journey ends here in this new word. We hoped we would never have to open. The circumstances of your hospitalization did not allow for your loving family and caretaker to be by your side for us in them. This was heartbreaking from the outside monitored you as closely as we could. We were an off as we watch the other patients care for you, keep you company and help you. However they could. They did not want you to ever feel. Are Yet, I wanna ask you for forgiveness. I'm sorry for how we were required to handle your body. We did our best to preserve your dignity and respect you based on the circumstances I know that it was done to protect us. It was a tremendous food and honor to care for you. When you're a final days, you've touched my heart, the staff and the patients that surrounded you. I know your life would spire the rest of Israel as well. Go to your resting place in peace. Look out for us from about. That fishermen witter no homage Caversham Madam Linda Goal highlights me live Gra, Helga Mar.. A few days later, she posted again this time about two moments one of extreme grief and the other extreme beauty march twenty, eight, twenty twenty. It's been only two weeks since my first shift and Koetter the COVID, nineteen word, and in many ways feels like an eternity. As panic and uncertainty, keep escalating around the globe for me. Personally the pressure and anxiety are quickly building up and it's nothing short of overwhelming. In the span of two weeks, the number of patients in my unit has quadrupled and keeps growing the everyday experiences in the word taking an emotional toll on me. On Friday, a daughter of a critical patient walks into our operations headquarters. Since no family member can go inside the unit. She has come to say goodbye to her L. Father through the video intercom system. She asked me to hold her phone and record their interaction. As I watched her cry and talked her father through a screen I have to physically turn my head to hold back tears. This is heart wrenching to watch I cannot even begin to imagine what it's like for them. At six thirty PM with thirty minutes left until the end of May shift. I'm rushing to finish my last tasks inside the unit. At this point, the moderate patients have all congregated in the middle of the word to do Tabet. I soon realized it's the only permissible Mignon in Jerusalem right now people from all walks of life and across the religious spectrum are singing and rejoicing together as bring in. I! I'm blessed to be witnessing the scene of unity and. I. I already know this. Coming Week is going to present more challenges physically and emotionally, but I know I'm not alone. We're in this fight together. We're going to come out of this stronger and more united as a nation than ever before to stay strong instead home God bless.
Rabbi Avraham Grodzinsky: The Exemplar of Slabodka
"Rack Density T. was the last head of these slutty sheep in Lithuania he was the primary disciple of the altar of Slovakia, and he served as his successor when the Altair wanted found a branch of his yeshiva in Israel in Roane. He sent his primary disciple Rome to establish it. And after the she was established. They switch places. Rotherham in St went back to Slovakia too heavy Sheva in the altars place, and the altar when Israel to head the yeshiva in. Ron Robot headed these Sheva in Slovakia until World War broke out, and even led a cadre of students in the governor ghetto under ghastly conditions. With the destruction of European Jewry in the Holocaust, we have to always remember that a vibrant world. Of the Lithuanian Mercier Sheva expired with European jewellery. Of course, the great she votes were resurrected after the war. But they are a shell of their PROGENITOR HIS GLORY If you WANNA study about what the pre warship world was like. Rabbi gratuity is an exemplar of the glory and the greatness of that lost world. He was a man of unmatched nobility, even aristocracy. person of flawless sterling character, a man of unparalleled intellect. A man who also sadly lived a life replete with tragedies, suffering all manners of pain and suffering punctuated by his macabre murder by the Nazis on the twenty second day of Thomas Nineteen, forty, four, exactly seventy six years ago. As a DISCLAIMER WANNA point out the repre Ginseng tea is also my great grandfather, the father of my maternal grandmother so for me, this is especially personal and poignant. The syon of a long line of famous rabbis and scholars rub ever under aginst. He was born in Warsaw Poland in eighteen, eighty two his parents rabbi Yitzhak in high amount owed. Rigidity were legendary titans of the community in Warsaw they operated a home that was a veritable factory of Torah and kindness and hospitality to this I. wanted to share a bit about reforms, background and upbringing, but I was a little bit wary to talk about his parents and the kind of home that the operated because the stories are so fantastic so superlative that I imagined the audience will likely doubt they're autheniticity. Pledge to you, dear listener is at the stores, and I'm going to share about the garage St home in Warsaw are all documented by first party accounts his father Rabbits Hawk whom everyone called? Rebecca founded and ran a network of Sheva of Torah schools in Warsaw. He took care of young students like elementary school. He had thirteen teachers that he hired that he fundraise for that he paid for. He ran as Sheva. Sheva for high school age teams and advance the Sheva than even a Colo and advanced, tell Munich Institution for married scholars now this system it exists in most Jewish cities in the world today, but it was highly novel in Warsaw in the Nineteenth Century, and show organized fundraising for at all, and his wife actually cut for all the students every day on an average day. Their home hosted thirty guests for lunch.
What Happened to Ofek 12-15?
"But first we have a small matter that we are following with lert interesting, great concern as part of an occasional series that we call the promise podcast ponders the cipher of satellite skipping Siri atoms signification at four. Am this past Monday at the? Airbase and Israeli made Chavez. Rocket was launched without a hitch, carrying a payload of an Israeli made electro optical reconnaissance satellite names sixteen, both are the work of the Space Administration of the Director of Defense Research and development of the Israel. Ministry of Defence Working together with the Israel aerospace industry or I a I. The launch was. The rocket, arguing with grace into a sky, just beginning to grow and glow lighter at one speeding and receding towards the heavens, a press release attributed to the satellite quote. Unquote advanced capabilities which are really the BIS kind of capabilities for satellite to have the first OPEC satellite Ofek means horizon by the way was launched in September nineteen, eighty-eight, almost thirty two years ago, that was Ofek one over to launch in one, thousand, nine, hundred, ninety, three, and nineteen, ninety five, and so on on Monday just a few hours after the successful launch and exultant I'm known Harari the head of the Space Administration of the Director of Defense, research. Research and development of the Ministry of Defence was interviewed on the morning radio, and he explained the enormity of the achievement that he oversaw and he starts in formation Li like this quote, he says the satellite is an optical observation satellite very similar to the last satellite. We launched a few years ago. Eleven at which point the interviewer commonly risk indices name, says quote. Wait this. You have to explain if the last one was OPEC eleven. How come this one is sixteen, so Harari says quote. It's a lovely name affects sixteen I love it. Who says the numbers have to come in order and leaves skin, says quote no. No No, you have to explain this thing. You had nine Victoriano fake eleven, and then you skipped. Tawfiq Sixteen Harari says yeah. Is there anything wrong with that? LIBA, skin, says no, no, no, that's nice, but it demands an explanation. Harari says quote. I explained it to you. You're just not willing to accept my explanation. Leeza Skin says that's right Harari says we'll have a cup of coffee I'll explain leave says. Are you serious? Harari says yes, very serious. Liebskind says it's like we have January and February. And then we jumped April and say marches and good for US Harari Says No, it's like you call your girl Mikal. Mikal and your boy, Asaf, and then later you name your third kid. You're those are the names of my kids by the way what's wrong with that leaves could said that's not a good example. Why would you jump from eleven to sixteen? Harari said we found that. That's what fits our plans. And it goes on like that. Masses website says on the subject quote as Israel's not known to have attempted any satellite launches between the OPEC eleven and sixteen missions, it is not immediately clear whether twelve thirteen fourteen and fifteen designations have been skipped or apply to other spacecraft possibly satellites that have not yet been launched then quote. Quote the generally considered authoritative in such matters, defense update website noted dryly that the Israel Ministry of Defence Announcement did not explain the whereabouts of OPEC twelve through fifteen and quote, and I admit I cannot let this go. I tweeted at times of Israel Defense reported our gross who has one of the best sense of the absurd in journalism, also one of the sense of humor to see if he knew and he answered quote, so we asked about this and the press conference, and we didn't get actual answer what you don't like. The name was literally the response. The I official insinuated that twelve to fifteen blown up on. On launch we would have heard about it. However, it does remind me of an apocryphal practical joke. I heard of paint the numbers, one two and four on the back of three pigs, and let them loose in a school so that even after they're all caught, the administration continues to search for the missing number, three and quote to which someone named Ryan, replied in a tweet who gives Oh fach, which is fair enough, but I cannot let go if anyone out, there has seen OPEC, twelve or thirteen or fourteen or fifteen. Please let me know apparently I. Give fact
Mazal Tov!: Finding a Mohel in Cyprus During Corona
"Basically. They've got everything. You could possibly want if you're a Jew in Cyprus. Everything that is. The one thing you really needed. IOS, thirty three. He's married is happening. And he and his wife get older have three kids in were expecting the fourth a boy. The due date cuff game on the how or for all Gregorian calendar users. March, nineteenth twenty twenty in mid February, when life was still completely normal outside of hun yet yield called up the family moyle. He'll shall from Juliet Murphy in Israel because in cycles. We don't have a local MOHEL. And every time there's a big bone here. Baby boy with. The civilisation. Some. Almost set. Then came corona. Rabbi your got a call from Schill the moines. It was like this, and it's no way I'm going out those samples and need to to be nice. Elation volunteered for folding days. Ain't gonNA happen. We need to find a solution for it. Israel was already requiring anyone returning from abroad to go into a two week long self quarantine, and that meant that the mall was out after all if he came to Cyprus in had to quarantine when he returned, he'd lose two weeks worth of business. e! It didn't know what to do. And we need to find someone else and you yourself for not immoral. No. But as he was trying to figure this out Cyprus, declared its own fourteen day quarantine. So now. Whoever would come would need to quarantine for fourteen days in Cyprus and then porn for fourteen days upon returning to Israel. All for one little cut, and surprisingly enough he managed to find someone enter shown Izenberg from. Jerusalem His mission is decisions, so get in contact with him, and it was up on them, but on March fourteenth, the island of Cyprus closed its airports and went into full lockdown. No flies coming in November is going out, so there's no way of common to Cyprus. And perform the ceremony. Still Yale wasn't going to give up so easily, so is thought to find flonaze solutions to on a boat. Good Old Shimshon Sean Game. It was like above them, but when it became clear that a boat wouldn't be allowed to dock, either you'll channeled his inner 007 they be, we will go in a bow. Then we mix need way in the and we've performed the bleep on the once again. She was game. No problem, so thank God for Shimshon I mean. He seems like he was a real He was a real player was very cool guy and Except that they listen everything asking me these. Now, you might think amid Seib Litas a bit extreme, and if you do well join the club, so when you're, you're ready to take your newborn your newborn son on a boat and had him circumcised in the middle of the sea. Like spoiled the big yacht. Does it sound normal to you? Meanwhile on March nineteenth right on time baby by was born. Can you describe the birth a little bit? A witch angle? Were you there were you in the room? I was with my wife of course. it was. Wonderful, Wants the baby was born. The Eighth Day countdown began. This. Song Bulletins. It's one of the basic things. To do so important because it symbolized of connection with Gut. Live with. Sure this. Feel, not withstanding, it soon turned out that no vessels were allowed to leave ciprian harbors either. Use Homegrown naval operation was. Dead in the water. He needed help from above so. Still to push. The connection we have in here in his loyal all the many studies in Cyprus in putting the president. Well we'll have the situation. Elder weather wasn't involved in this. Operation and we can't find. It was only the president of Cyprus. Decide about this, but the president can only imagine had some slightly more pressing matters on his mind. was reluctant to give green light. They'll take risks. Don't want to take responsibility for this. So slowly decided that. Don't want to approve it. So we miss the deadline of the day. But we believed that. God's. So it doesn't matter if It will continue. So, what did you think about about the fact that suddenly the president of Cyprus was determining the fate of your. Newborn child's. Penis. With the best we can. If didn't succeed. Off. So everything's God's coordination. Continue to. Not The day the ninth day another nine. It's not the tenth the forty. Fifth.
"Dr Marcus okay cool, so our our topic today is family planning, and I know we've had at least one episode in the past about birth control, but this is really like a broader topic about how to approach family planning more generally like the decision making process at how many kids to have when to be birth control. How how the decision about being on birth control gets made so I actually wanted to start off with the issue of how the decision to go on birth control gets made because I was always taught coming from a more centrist Orthodox perspective that before you birth control. You have to ask a Shyla. To sort of have this like Consultation with your rabbi, and like get permission to go on birth control so rabbi Linzer What what are some lucky considerations behind that like? Why is that sort of popular conception right? A lot of misconceptions so family planning is really the question of view right? There's amidst flat to have children and There's debate. How many is the two boys or and a girl? We will to boy and a girl. And then there's an idea to have even more after you have a boy and a girl so in a certain level. It makes sense that there would be a healthy question which is if you want to frame it in terms can. I postponed doing this? Mitzvah how many kids my supposed to have and but you know it is worth saying that these are very recent questions because the whole concept of family planning you know only became really possible. Once there was the pill once it was highly effective. Means of birth control other than that for that people tried i. I mean there were early forms of the condiments so on, but the re the real ability to more precisely control. How many kids are going to happen when you're going to have them really is a very recent phenomenon. Is that not true now? It's one hundred percent tro and I was sort of stuck as we were thinking about doing this. I was thinking back so I got married. I don't know thirty six years ago long time ago over. and. And you know good religious couple. When I got married, we went to that person who's going to be on my side of condition. We asked him if we could use birth control. And he said he asked me give us like a hitter for year years I don't remember, and then we supposed to come back and ask again and. I by the time that year was over, it had hit me that it was so ridiculous that we were asking somebody else. If we should be having kids way and now thirty six years later and I think a lot has changed about this. The idea that somebody else would be able to have the. AUTHORITY TO OUR GAB or like to try to get into your head under sound like where you guys are at, and whether or not appropriate. If you'd have kids is is a little bit mind boggling to be and I'm just where the come like. Why do people feel that? They had to ask like where did that even come from his idea that you had? Had to ask you like I, mean I'm not a historian, so I don't know how exactly evolved, but I will say if you moved from a time when the idea was your, you naturally have kids, and you have as many kids as you're naturally going to produce, and you know the camera says that it's anybody who does not involve themselves in poor view. Procreation is if they took a life. Because you know, it's preventing life from coming into the world, so because a lot of weight that's put on that, and then you realize. Oh, my Gosh Now! I have the ability to control it so I think that naturally leads to a sense of like. Wait a minute. Is this permissible or now? So it was an area helicopter started to change the same way like I've changed and raised. A whole bunch of questions raised a whole bunch of West. Yes, exactly that accept the new reality coming Iraq. Like pushing hard to to address these questions, except I'll tell you what why I think this is a weirder thing is because. It almost was the ideas like. Are we allowed to have sex without having a baby? Right like that was the question. Young couples were asking exactly like. They weren't having sex before they were married. least theoretically, they weren't having sex, and but now is it. Is it okay for us to have sex, but not have obeyed right, so it's really a question about sex. It's not a question of prue SORTA. That's exactly what's happening. I don't know if that's initially why the question was asked you know. I have a
Deal of the Century: Jason Greenblatt, the Heart of the Deal
"Was one of the chief architects. I worked very closely with two good friends of mine. Jared Kushner president trump's son-in-law and senior adviser to president trump. As, well as our friend, ambassador David Friedman the US ambassador to Israel. And I would agree with you that it's an opportunity to the next generation, but I would say aides and opportunity for the next generation of everybody in the region, Israelis Palestinians and all of our countries that surround them. I think that people have come to the realization that the past peace efforts have failed. They are unlikely to succeed, and what we have presented is a very detailed very lengthy plan that could show everybody what the compromises are. That are necessary in order to achieve peace and I think that the younger generation in the region is ready for this I think that believe that the Palestinian people deserve something so much better than the half I think that if we succeed, if peace is achieved, everybody in the region can benefit from it tremendously now it's as if in anticipation of the Palestinian. Authority's rejection of the plan. You'd also consulted with Palestinian people on the ground. I guess ground groundswell is also the key to making peace. It's in the hearts of the people as well as the leadership. Absolutely first of all it was no secret test that the Palestinian Authority would likely reject the plan any plan frankly that we put out. When President Trump made his bold and courageous historic decision to recognize Jerusalem as the capital of Israel and several months later move the embassy, both in accordance with US law something that US law required since nineteen, ninety five. The Palestinian Authority cut ties to the administration. But they also began to trash. Talk the plan that they have not yet seen in in the months. Preceding the launch of the plan, they rejected the plan including using statements by their prime minister. Such as the plan should be born dead. It should be a stillborn something to that effect. That's not quite an exact quote, but that was the tone of the conversation about the plan, but what everybody should realizes it isn't just the leadership that is necessary to get on board. It is essential for people to get on board, and if the people are not with this plan whether Israeli or The plan has little chance to succeed. I also want to add. We have to remember that. Really are two leaderships for the Palestinians or at least one leadership in Ramallah and one so-called leadership in Gaza. Hamas, which was a terrorist organization funded by Iran, and that subjugates the nearly two million Palestinians that live in Gaza causes tremendous suffering to those Palestinians. is whether we like it or not. At some form of Palestinian leadership, so even if the leadership in Ramallah even if President Obama's were to engage the plant. One has to wonder and really talk about what happens to the Palestinians, in Gaza, our plan of course provides for that, but we can't get the people in Gaza in their their so called leadership on board than there is no effective way to implement the peace plan. Very few people talk about that. Make It seem as though it's simple. If president us, either condemns the plan or engages on the plan then. Then we know our next steps while that's a bit too simplistic. We must all figure out a way to handle and deal with the two million Palestinians who are suffering in Gaza.
Israel starts surveilling virus carriers, sends 400 who were nearby to isolation
"Take me back to last Wednesday when four hundred. Some Israelis got a text message on their phones. What did it say basically the you may already be infected with the corona virus. This was a brand new program that Benjamin Netanyahu had asked for and got permission to implement in which the State Security Service was allowed to use its digital surveillance systems in the service of viral tracking. Basically they were able to go through the phones. Presumably of every Israeli see where they had been in the previous few weeks overlay that onto where they knew certain cove in nineteen positive cases that Ben and extrapolated who might be at risk of having been infected. Those four hundred people were all notified that they were on that list and we're told to begin self isolation immediately well it's an attention grabber strictly from epidemiological perspective would seem to make some sense who is in proximity of someone known to be infected elsewhere. Public health officials are using more laborious analog way through interviews and so on but this nonetheless has been criticized. Why did did raise it media. Objections from privacy advocates. No one gave consent for this kind of monitoring. So Israelis are trying to decide whether the cost is worth the benefit even those people who were notified of the few that we talked to found it very creepy without a doubt but we're also quite aware of the benefits of being able to track the virus. There is also a question I gather of really how much security because this thing is not all that precise a tool. Yeah that's right there. There's not a lot known about exactly what the government is doing here. And there's a lot of elements to Israel's intelligence service generally and specifically its digital capabilities. That just aren't known as you say when it's just a matter of my Cell Phone Ping the cell tower somewhere in Tel Aviv. At a certain time of day where a known corona virus patient was also picking tower. There's not a lot of precision there. You're still talking about dozens of square miles of territory and at a recommended distance transmission for this virus of six feet. What's not known? Or what other intelligence digital surveillance capabilities. The Security Agency might be bringing to bear. Its suspected that Israel has ways of sorting a lot of material. That's more precise than that. We don't know exactly what they're using so All by itself it's low resolution tool but maybe something else from the Security State toolkit is enhancing the image. That's right there's been other reporting including by the New York Times that the government is bringing to bear other more sophisticated intelligence apparatus. Here you mentioned concern from privacy advocates does their voice matter in Israel in March of twenty twenty are. They drowned out by other voices. Well there's so much going on here not just the pandemic but also an ongoing political crisis where Israelis are beginning to question some very long held beliefs about the soundness of their democracy. I think as in countries all over the world prime minister. Benjamin Netanyahu here is pushing the boundaries of government power. Is He addresses this crisis. Some of those concerns seem to have as much to do with endangered political power as they do responding to the pandemic for example his handpicked Justice Minister early on in the crisis cancelled pretty much all judicial proceedings in the country. Two days before Netanyahu's own trial on corruption was scheduled to begin. I don't think many people here thought it was a coincidence. It is kind of hard now to imagine Normally function court system. Nothing else is operating as normal plenty of democracy advocates. Feel like it's just one of Midi our grabs that he has instituted in the name of fighting the corona virus including the restrictions on parliamentary activity. That serve his 'cause well now that his faction no longer has the majority and there's a lot of concern that He's willing to go a lot further. He's desperate to hang onto power. He's proven willing to incite against the justice system against the Arab minority against anyone who opposes his ability to maintain power as he flips. Forward as sort of the essential person the only one as his supporters will say who can help Israel get through this pandemic so you have an authoritarian leaning prime minister struggling for power and his own personal liberty as a matter of fact neutering the parliament historian. Yuval Noah. Harari has said that's just tantamount dictatorship just today former president of the Israeli Supreme Court said that the speaker of the Knesset refusal to adhere to a High Court ruling that he must allow vote. That would likely take. His own job is rocking the foundations of democracy in Israel. It's hard to overstate the triple sense of crisis in this country. I think Israelis are wondering exactly how they're going to get out of this.
Netanyahu's future still uncertain after Israeli election
"Let's turn to Israel. This week is rarely voters went to the polls for the third time in a year. Yes a year So first of all of the results that ninety percent in the last time I checked prime minister bb. Netanyahu was winning and projected to win fifty nine seats in. Israel's parliament the Knesset so that's good news for bb because he's five or six seats ahead of any guns from the blue and white party whose his chief rival but it still not be enough to end this electoral purgatory citizens. And here's why so. Israel's system is not like ours. You don't win the election. And then you're in charge. You have to build a coalition that controls sixty one of the one hundred twenty seats in the Israeli Knesset in the last two elections and Netanyahu Angolans have failed in that coalition building task So now they're gonNA try again. Ben Is pretty depressing. That voters didn't care about the fact that Netanyahu is going to stand trial in a few weeks on corruption charges in fact. Bb has gained votes since the September elections so cool. It's also depressing for those of us. Who WANT A two states solution in Israel because both candidates out there talking about annexing the West Bank? Interestingly an alliance of Arab voters did well in selection and They're now the third biggest party in Israel. So That's interesting chaining dynamic but you know in the near future. I think a lot of people worried that Israel is careening towards a constitutional crisis or even a fourth election because bb is about to stand trial and will likely demagogue and say fake news and say it's a witch hunt to get him just like trump because they're the same person. Yeah and I feel like we've had the same conversation now. Three times And this question will be. Can he can form a coalition get to sixty votes He may need the help of avenue or Lieberman Israeli politician. Who's kind of become quite An ENEMY OF BBC. At least in in that case you know we could return to one of the formulas that we talked about in the fall. Some form of unity government or agreement where they rotate as prime minister's all this is pretty bleak because Israel can't break this logjam. Bbc poising their politics with increasingly extremist positions. You know we've evolved in the third election. All the way to the fish in the West Bank Each election it kind of gets worse in terms of BB's platform on the Palestinians It speaks Not just the polarization in Israeli society in that. Bbc has kind of a big media apparatus and demagogues the opposition. But also you know Benny. Gones is just not a good politician. You know for those who don't follow as closely like you know he's a former military guy kind of the centrist who could be a you know a safe space for a bunch of different parties but political talent like he he he didn't wasn't a natural communicator. And I think the only way for the CENTRE-LEFT WE'VE IN THE CENTER. I guess in Israel to really break through is that they're going to need someone with more political chops at some point. They're going to need a leader or you know grassroots movement combined with lear that they can overcome bb's support which is not a majority of the country but is a strong minority in enough to kind of hold the line here in prevents someone else like. Gods from winning so You know we could be headed towards a messy coalition politics in some bizarre unity government Tumbled over whether these indictments against bb go forward. In any event. I think the situation with the Palestinians is very grim And is really politics until bb can finally exit stage right here. And hopefully the center of the centre-left can get stronger leader. We're going to be kind of stuck in this place. Maybe they can borrow one of our. Amer candidates primary speaking of which Last week we talked about Bernie Sanders decision to skip the APEC conference. The Big Pro Israel lobby conference so At that that this weekend the Israeli ambassador to the UN Danny Danon said we don't want Sanders APEC. We don't want him in Israel. Anyone who calls our prime minister a racist either a liar. Ignorant fool or both which is very charming The CEO of a pack hard core also obliquely accused sanders of demonizing Israel. Nate that gave Mike Pence a platform to smear Bernie into Democrats side. Israel's enemies so it was nice of these folks to almost immediately prove that Bernie's fishing was a wise one. And I would suggest everyone listening that if you want a vibrant democratic Israel Checkout Jay Street. Yeah Yeah it to me. The the biggest problem here right is the the massive red carpet that they roll out every time for bb and his biggest goons and for like pants and Mike Pompeo and these guys and then you know they they have some democratic members of Congress. We've always gone to a pack. And they they try to claim. This broad bipartisan view of things. This is not on the level here. You know APEC wants to be able to put the bipartisan stamp of approval on itself while relentlessly over the last several years. Supporting the agenda of the Likud party in Israel and the Republican Party in the United States relentlessly attacking Barack Obama. Frankly putting us in this shitty situation that we're in where we pulled out of the Iran nuclear agreement so actively harming US interests with the end of the Iran nuclear agreement and then complaining that people don't show up at their conference. I mean come on guys like And then you know dunking on everybody because a bunch of other candidates like send videos like the. I hate to break it to you. The people send videos to a lot of things. Right also is a racist. I mean he's he's says racist things on the regular choice last laws that devalues human beings who happen to be Arab. Yeah yeah I mean and and every election we get this rhetoric about the Arabs voting is in an inherently bad when they are citizens of Israel. You know so Like I I'm I'm kind of you. Know over this debate We'll keep watching the election
A Rosenberg by Any Other Name?
"I'm Jason La Steak and I'm really excited to welcome Geraldine. Good a fan and Kirsten from left to the podcast today. To talk about Kirsten's book a Rosenberg by any other name. A history of Jewish name changing America Josie could offend. It's a scholar of modern your studies currently teaching at American University. She received her. Phd In history from Brandeis University in two thousand eighteen and her research is focused on migration gender and the intersection of law and religion in French. American Jewish history. And we're also joined of course by Kirstin from Agla who's an associate professor at Michigan State University's Department of History her book Rosenberg by any other name. Which we're GonNa talk about today explores the history of name changing in the US in the twentieth century and her first book American Dreams and not nightmares looked at secular Jewish intellectuals. Use of the Holocaust in the early nineteen sixties. Thanks Jason I'm Geraldine. I'm very excited to talk with Kirsten today about her book on Jewish name changing in the United States. I was really fascinated to read Christian books because he deals with so many different things. And one thing that really stood out is the question of the types of economic and social anti-semitism that juice faced in the twentieth century. And this is a story that has been obscured both in how American Jews tell their own story and how they really name changing itself. But it's also a topic that has been obscured largely in the history of American Jews. And so a lot of the discussion with Kirsten really centered on the question of how everyday life of Jews in America were is shaped by anti-semitism and how American Jews del their own story in their recounting of how juice change their names in the twentieth century. I hope you'll enjoy this conversation. Kirsten hiding for joining the Jewish history matters podcast. Thank you so much for having me. I'm really excited so I actually wanted to start with a joke. That's awesome so it's actually a French. Joke offense Jewish joke as I understand it. So it's a story of Mister Meshu Shoe Katzman. We'll goes to the French authorities in the early twentieth century because he wants to change his name. A finds that cats minis for to foreign sounding Fort Jewish sounding so he asked no. Would it be possible to change the name and the French official tells him yes? Sure Okay so what's your name Katzman. So he breaks cats on into to any asked him. So what does that mean in German and the Jewish men says it means Shah Cat in English Okay what does men mean and the men answers it means lum the men so essential official says okay. Katzman you are no no longer cats men but shallow brilliant. It is marvelous because it's really about how your revealing I see in the process of trying to conceal it as you say in the book. Jewish name changing is no laughing matter. We have a lot of jokes involving name changing but it is in fact a very serious topic and so I wanted to start the conversation by asking you why it is such a serious topic and also what do you mean by name changing because I think the readers need to understand what that meant in the American context so the first thing that's really important to say is I only looked at one archive when space for name changing which was official name changing in civil court. It wound up being incredibly rich space. But there's lots of other places in lots of other ways that people could change their names for example. When I started talking about my work I had immigration. Historians say but this is not the only kind of name changing that happens if immigration memoirs you can see and I teach for my students memoirs where people decide to change their name on the shop floor. You know all the people they work with at the sweatshop. I'll sit around and spend the day talking about what your new American names should be. There's definitely kind of informal name changing people sort of take on names and the US among if not the than among the most flexible places in name changing you can really informally. Change Your name to anything. You want without any kind of permission or official status whatsoever. And it's legal this Anglo American law that the US actually took it even to a greater extent in England in some ways on sort of informal name changing people's selecting names because they like them because it sounds good. Those actually are are themselves legal so people can really change their names to anything so because I was using official name changes in city in civil court. I was looking at people who chose to do so officially who chose to be having the state know about their name changing and so- choosing to look at official name. Tinging meant that I was also looking not just at the state it wound up meaning also that I was looking at other kinds of people who might be interested in your name private employers or universities or other kinds of places and spaces where they might these surveillance you. I think maybe watching you questioning. Why your name looks different from one place from the other? What I saw gave us a real insight into the impact of the anti-ageing and the importance of it which is actually kind of your second question right. Why is this important? Why is it serious? A lot of what I've found in the archives. I mean I think a lot of people would have found it boring people's reasons for changing their names if you didn't spend a lot of time looking at them. They were very boring. I want to change my name because it's hard to spell because it's hard to pronounce equal can't remember it. It's hard to say on the telephone. You know a lot of sort of things like that so you had to kind of read through the lines but also some sad stories people who would talk about being excluded in the military people who talked about their employer telling them they had to change their name when they got promoted people who wanted to erase memories of having escaped Germany during World War Two. There are a lot of those sad stories and in other kinds of readings. I did oral history is that I did. It's not always you know. Sort of a tragedy. But there's a lot of lingering sadnesses there's a lot of lingering ambivalence and I think the larger part of the story is people feeling like they had to do this. Some of the interesting part of looking at the state and the government's interest in doing this right and sort of making name changing available to people so easily right so readily you can change your name. Go ahead and change. Her name is volunteerism. The circumstances under which they're changing their names are not free and open they are constrained. They are significantly constrained not forcibly coerced. But they are constrained and sometimes they are being asked to or told to change their names by employers by military officers by defense industry contractors by people who kind of represent some kind of power and have interactions with Stay or certainly with their possibilities of getting a job and living in America. I think it's interesting that everybody's treated this so much as a joke that no scholar studied it. You know which I find really interesting right. That people have so far. Brush this and treated it as something that was not serious that was insignificant or Hurace. Something that was not really important so you actually mentioned the state a few times so I wanted to ask you about the state. What's at stake in controlling names and name changes from a state perspective so the federal government begins asking about name tinges voluntarily on Naturalization Petitions in nineteen of Sex. It is voluntary. It's just a line on your naturalization petition so I only did a very limited look at naturalization petitions but I found at least a few where somebody clearly had changed their name so that it looked very different but clearly the people setting this out that they didn't fill out a name change like the government didn't see this change in spelling as actually being a change in name. So there's a certain amount of laxity that European grants are being treated with in their ability to change their names so my story more begins with really World War One and then especially the Inter war period and World War Two and it spirals as the welfare state as the government begins to be concerned with issues of security and be concerned that the people standing in front of whatever federal worker may not be who they size so one of the most important things I think that leads to the nineteen forties in particular being. Sort of the place. Where you see. More of these official petitions being submitted than any other time in the twentieth century is that the government decides that during World War Two. It actually happened in nineteen ninety eight. They begin having defense. Contractors require birth certificates on so they can ensure the safety of their defense plates. So you see beginning in the nineteen thirties forties this kind of spiraling new. People start to have to produce their birth certificates in order to get jobs to become a part of the war effort which is where the jobs are happening and then as people begin to register for the draft or as they begin to be officers they are getting inconsistent right. It's not I don't think this is every single person who goes to apply to become an officer or to register for the draft or even to try to work for the defense industry but what you get is just more and more people who are getting defense contractors or officers or rotc people or whoever saying. Oh your name doesn't match you know you're going to have troubles you know you need to come back. And produce a birth certificate that matches so some of this is about security right security as the country is going to war and I think some of it is just about the government beginning to look to documents. They are trying more during the welfare state especially during the war to keep track of. Who's who I didn't see a lie. That was necessarily pushed by the Alien Registration. Act But that is something that is starting to begin to question people who have not become citizens yet so my gases that is playing a sub textual role in some people's decisions to do this. The state is beginning to keep track of people and so this kind of very open ended name policy which was working really to sort of bring white immigrants into the country and enfold them seamlessly as the US goes to war as it begins to offer benefits like welfare benefits but also especially as it begins to go to a second war it begins to want to keep track of people and it's using names as part of that way of kind of keeping track of
'Viral: Anti-Semitism in Four Mutations': A Close-Up on Hatred
"In an unhealthy society? That has problems. They say who did this to us? And the Jews are always candidate. That's columnist George will who's featured in a new documentary on anti-semitism out in theaters across the country on Friday with us in the studio to discuss that film is its creator. Andrew Goldberg in two thousand nine. Andrew focused his lens on the resurgence of Anti Jewish hatred around the world and in mainstream media but after the two thousand sixteen election and the CHARLOTTESVILLE rally where protesters proclaimed the Jews will not replace us. Goldberg felt compelled to return to the topic for an even deeper exploration in viral for mutations of anti-semitism Goldberg travels through four countries. The United States Great Britain France and Hungary to speak firsthand with victims witnesses anti-semites an high profile figures including bill. Clinton Tony Blair Deborah Lipstadt and AJC Europe director. Simone Rodin Benkin in Pittsburgh. He examined the far right ideas that led to the attack on the tree of life synagogue in Hungary he looks at the Anti Immigration. Anti George Soros anti-jewish propaganda promoted by the government and in the UK. He explores the pain caused by the Anti Zionist messages from the UK's Labor Party the film also explores the repeated violence against Jews in France carried out by Islamists Andrew. Welcome glad to be here. Thank you so thank you for making this documentary and I'm curious. Can you kind of take our audience back to the original conception of it and how it evolved over time since I believe some events actually transpired in the making of the documentary will shortly after the election? We noticed there was sort of an uptick in anti Semitic incidents around the country. There were series a bomb threats which we know turned out to be bogus but those caught. Everyone's attention and suddenly everyone was noticing things and shortly after that a lot of tombstones were desecrated several different cemeteries and then the sort of global eyeballs started to notice these things talk about them more in the press and online and we immediately thought we should make a film about antisemitism and we didn't know what it would look like or what it would be. I think our initial thoughts were that would be about the United States but as we did more and more research and we knew this was a global issue. We knew it was happening in other countries. But as you unpack these things you realize that. There's an urgency to a lot of these stories and so we decided to really expanded and to look at four different situations. Those would be the far right in the United States. The far left in England in Hungary where the prime minister has launched a massive PR campaign against a Jewish philanthropist and in France where Islamist have been killing Jews in various terror attacks and other violent attacks against Jews to the tune of what unofficial numbers seemed to be more than three thousand a year. Now you've been making documentaries and doing journalism for twenty years As have I and I was a religion reporter for fifteen years in Chicago and I will tell you when I came here. I was stunned by just how much people hate. Jews. And I'm curious you I. I mentioned this to a former colleague at the Tribune recently and his response. He's in his eighties. He said we'll of course you grew up at a different time You know it's no surprise to me but yeah of course you didn't realize I'm just curious if this was a real shock to your system as you were doing the reporting the idea that Jews are hated was never foreign to me. I mean keep in mind. I'm fifty one and so I grew up where the Holocaust was not that far off. I mean I was raised in the seventies so I guess it was still thirty years old but it was not as it is now sixty plus years old where the next generation of people don't even know it was there Growing UP IN CHICAGO BEING JEWISH WAS It was not something to be celebrated at least among my friends and among my peers. I was made fun of for it a few times. It wasn't I didn't grow up in the midst of it but the Holocaust was connected to us in a way that it was very very real and so for that reason I understood that Jews were absolutely despised and I started making films in my first film that had anything to do with Jewish subjects was around two thousand and two or so and you know it was about Eastern European Jewish life before the war. So we're talking about you. Know all black and white footage of shuttles of Warsaw of what we might call the Yiddish world and that whole world is utterly destroyed in Eastern Europe and in Europe and in Russia and that made it pretty easy to see and in doing that film I started to learn about it. I automate fillmore at antisemitism in the media in the Middle East at one point and you realize that it is it is widespread. There's Anti Semitism where there are Jews. There's antisemitism where there are not Jews. There's Anti Semitism among people who are friends with Jews so my awareness of this has grown so in other words you entered into this project knowing there was a history of this but you had never seen it kind of in the current context as well. I had not seen it the way I see it now. I when I made a film in two thousand seven on antisemitism in the in the in the arab-islamic world per particularly North Africa and the Middle East I didn't focus that much on Europe and the US at the time antisemitism in the US was a very minor issue compared to what it is now. I don't want to say it was minor because there were plenty of people experiencing antisemitism but we didn't have it to the magnitude and we didn't have the Internet the way we do now but I knew that it was alive and well in the Middle East and that was surprising to see just how deep it is just how woven into the fabric of conversation and media it is. I was interviewing some kids in Egypt on the street and I said to them what are Jews they said User Satan Jews are evil. Juice should die. I said what if a Jewish kid was walking right here across the street and got hit by a car. They said we would call an ambulance. These two ideas existed right next to each other. And that's what's so interesting. One is in the abstract one is in the day to day Would you say that abstract versus day day is what's also infecting Western Europe United States? This wave of anti-semitism that we're seeing or is it. Is it very different? I think they crossover so for example. In Hungary there's virtually no violence against Jews In Hungary a survey showed that forty percent. Forty two percent of Hungarians held at least one or more anti Semitic views. Does that mean that? The people by larger anti-semites probably not but it means that the numbers are higher. Those numbers were higher than they were anywhere else in Europe or give or take a country. How many countries are there in Europe? A lot right so but there's no violence against Jews physical violence. That's what I mean physical violence against Jews but those lines do tend to cross over at points and so the fear is that it can translate these nationalist movement so in Hungary just to give some context the government has launched a huge campaign against George. Soros it's on Mute right now. It's not running right now but it ran not too long ago during the European Union elections. It came back up again. I asked one of the spokespeople of Hungary will come back and he told me that it would come back in a very consistent way so the whole idea that the Hungarian government has put forth. Is that this Jewish billionaire. George Soros is out to flood the nation with Muslim immigrants and since Muslim immigrants in the eyes of the Hungarian government are bad. You the Hungarian citizen the White Christian Hungarian citizen are in danger. And you're in danger because of a Jew. So here's these people are all worked up about a Jew who actually isn't doing anything like this but yet at the same time they're not vandalizing. All the Jewish shops are not beating Jews. And what have you? Although there's I've heard some rumblings that a little of that has happened so we'll have to see but I'm no expert on the data right. Well I think that's the argument. I mean argument. Deborah Lipstadt makes in the film. For example it starts with words it starts with comments and then does eventually escalate. That's the danger of not addressing it nipping in the bud. When you see. I think that's here right so I think that in America we've seen rage on the Internet translate into violence than I think you know the hatred in Hungary is really a government media campaign which took place on TV on the radio on the Internet. But also on billboards outside it was like an all encompassing life. You would drive down the street and you'd be bombarded with it here This antisemitism isn't billboards. I mean there's we'd see them occasionally but it's all on the Internet and people get the Internet sort of like you and your computer. You Lock yourself in this little space and then you start to get worked up and you start to hate and so we see that. Not all but many of these. Violent attacks in the United States are people who sort of incubated these ideas on the Internet. You raise a good point billboards in Hungary that was the been the vehicle of communication there for that. Soros campaign but I'm curious what about social media. What about the comments in violence on social media is it just as rampant in places like Hungary as it is here we'll so the makeup and the nature of the of the campaign in Hungary? We didn't break down so I don't know what percentage of it certainly on social media and not only was it on social media is a place where people can share about it right so in addition to whatever the government put on social media because the government had all these different forms they had radio they had. Tv They billboards aid magazines. It's social media mailings mailing mailing which is in the film How much of their media mix was the Internet? I don't know but if you're a person with anti Semitic views you can't do anything with billboard but some people did right hateful messages on billboards with magic markers in pain. They actually vandalize them. But by and large the billboards are you don't interact with them in the billboard. Don't post against back and forth a TV commercial. You don't respond to that. The Internet is where everybody took their hatred in their dislike of George Soros and they brought it to the Internet. And I think that's a place where you would see a lot more of this. Anti Jewish rhetoric the Internet is where it becomes the People's action not the government right. You have obsession in the film that talks about the brief history of blaming Jews. And you talk about the films that you've done in the past and the history of this but one critique of the film that I've read is that doesn't include enough historical context now I hear this critique all the time as a journalist you only have so much space or time right to address the whole of a situation but I'm curious what your thoughts are on whether to include more history or trajectory. The history of antisemitism is extremely complex. It grows out of misinterpretations if that's a word of people misinterpreted biblical scripture. It's changed and it's more throughout the centuries throughout Europe. If you WANNA talk about how it's been a part of the story of Christianity knew very thorny and complicated history which takes a long time to get in and out of now take that for a minute and think about. We have limited shelf space in our movie. I always say to people in movies not a casserole but take that from it in a notice that in the film we have that history. We have extensive history of the civil rights movement in the United States with history of the entire Orban's campaign and where that came from in Hungary in Oregon was we talk all about a migration and the history of colonialism in France as to give the backbone of that in England we talk about the Labor Party going all the way back to two thousand and eight. What we don't do is this deep analysis of Christian history but my response is also this. If I make a film about racism in about how African Americans are being shot in the street by police. Do I need to tell you? The history of why blacks are disliked by racists in this country. If I talk about misogyny do I need to tell you? The history of why people are misogynists to me and the same goes for LGBTQ. Americans no one's asking why. Why do I need to get into the fact of why Trans People are being murdered? Right now are being beaten up. I don't need to analyze that. Well that too comes from the Bible. Right hatred of homophobia grows right out of scripture. But I don't need to give that analysis so it's a it. We talk about double standards and antisemitism and I don't want to say this is anti Semitism but it's almost a reflex that people feel like anything has to do with Jews. With antisemitism with Israel has to be held to some type of second order of scrutiny and I found that a little bit frustrating. There've been some debates on college campuses about whether or not Jewish students who are pro. Israel can join feminist marches. Lgbtq right marches. You other causes. They feel excluded from those causes because of their Zionist positions and so. That's where intersection. -ality has come up a lot in conversations here is how do you address that exclusion? Even though it's very different causes communities have gotten together and there has not been room for the Jewish issue of antisemitism has four complicated reasons not been welcome into that crew. Because many in this left is idea. Do not like how they don't like what's going on with the Arab Israeli conflict let's not even parse the Israeli conflict. Unfortunate part of this. Is that a Jewish students who have nothing to do with Israel who are oblivious to Israel are still being singled out now. It's very dangerous to to assume. Length phrases like colleges are a battleground. We visited colleges as we spoke to a lot of students. It's a very complicated and mixed bag. But there's no doubt that on some college campuses and we don't have hard data on how or where or what we have a lot of anecdotes. We have a lot of very upset parents. We have a lot of very upset students. But what that actually translates into numbers. We don't know what we do know. Is that Jewish? Students are being asked to somehow be called to task for what Israel is said to be
Princess Diana's Niece Kitty Spencer Converting to Judaism for Soon-To-Be Husband Michael Lewis
"Lady Kitty Spencer. Princess Diana's niece who apparently according to various British reports is going to convert to Judaism She's marrying a Jewish fashion tycoon. More than twice her age. According to The Times of London Lady Kitty Spencer. A twenty nine year old model. GotTa give to Michael Lewis. Sixty one year old chair of the Foscarini group in December. Not The author. Michael Lewis not who leaving Tabitha Soren former MTV news for percents. Don't even say that pooh-pooh Kim Hoorah for very specific subset of royal watchers. Who are Jewish like. This is like catnip. This is the perfect thing. It's sort of like how Meghan Markle's I wish there was a whole thing of like is Meghan markle Jewish that was like a few days of of speculation on the Jewish Internet. Yeah I mean. I don't really care about this. I'll be perfectly honest. I just think that it's I liked marvel at the fact that like this is the stuff of headlines. We don't really run this kind of blog at tablet anymore but like there is a world in which this generates headlines for like at least three days. I'm well on the record over the years I've written about his royal watching especially for an American proud citizen of a country that fought a war to get rid of royals and to not have to bow and shit before them. Royal watching an American is sad to begin with Amen. If you'RE GONNA watch if you're going to be obsessed with them out of some sort of weird deep Anglo Philip Pathology. We want them to be sort of like dysfunctional church of England like like drunk in dysfunctional wasps. Like I don't want I want there to be no Jews in the royal family. I want them to be this like fabulous train wreck of what happens. Through centuries of high church Y Anglo Inbreeding you see kids. That's why we fought a war right the idea that we want them to kind of that. We Ju- sort of want to sneak in through marriage through conversion on no way this like we will be off running. Hollywood and the media and electing Bernie Sanders President or having jared Kushner baked peas or whatever we do in America. Were Jews. Get to do it up. We that. That's our bag. The royal bag is being like stiff. Upper lipped GIN tonic addled extramarital affair having Weirdos and I want nothing to do with that exact these I think might be your most controversial take yet or the one that's GonNa get you into the most trouble and I look forward to it but I don't think I wholeheartedly. I hate you. Fine Century MELTSA Leila Mark. But I don't think people wash because they like want to be I mean there's a fascination we watch and we watch from a distance from an ocean away Understanding that this is not our culture but just finding a fascination in the pomp and the pageantry and. I don't think there's anything wrong with that. I think you're inferring. A lot of weird things onto people who just like to watch a pretty wedding fine but then it's not a Jewish wedding that that's not the wedding we want to watch. We've seen enough Jewish weddings. We've been to Leonard's of great neck I disagree they do a great Bat Mitzvah. The thing about the royal family over the years is that like it's basically become a reality show right like all day thing about William and Kate's wedding. We can watch it. There's no reason why we can't see ourselves in that world because they're they become so much a part of our world so I think it's I'm all for it. I love my Jewish relatives too much. I love the Big Jewish family too much to wish any of us into that family but all the sparkling thing into the most useless family on the face of this plan south. No
Yaakov Lappin: Europe's Refugee Crisis II and the Virtual Caliphate
"Predicted the rise of Islamic state. And where it would establish a caliphate in his book. The virtual caliphate published nearly a decade ago. It's Yaacov Lapeyton military affairs correspondent and analyst research. Associate Bagan sit at center for research studies at Bar. Ilan University and in House analyst with the Miriam Institute. And it's with thanks to Chief Executive Sergeant Benjamin Anthony for making our introduction in nineteen twenty four the last caliphate. An Islamic state as envisioned by the Koran was dismantled in Turkey but in twenty eleven the virtual caliphate outlined an Islamic state that already exist on computer servers around the world used by Islamists to carry out functions typically reserved for physical state like creating training camps mapping out to states constitution and drafting tax laws. His book predicted how Islamists equipped with twenty first century technology to achieve as Seventh-century Vision would upload the virtual caliphate into the physical world. You predicted I. S I did and I even humbly. I predicted that they would establish it in either Iraq or any area where they would find a failure of state sovereignty. I didn't foresee Syria. But I certainly saw the crescent of Iraq area has a place where he's Law mcstay could upload it's vision and absolutely we have seen this transition from the online jihadist world into the physical off-line territorial world you've seen this vision being uploaded and then destroyed by a coalition of Western countries. I look at contemporary history around the world. I'm looking at that terrible attack on this for non-christians is not the same. Inspired idea that they are testing the Buddhist majority in Sri Lanka the Muslims there or are they sending another message is one hundred percent of the same ideology. Salafi Jihadists Salafi jihadists believe that they are in a state of war with the entire world. Where anywhere that does not fall in line with their fundamentalist a vision of how state should be run which is the most extreme of adherence to Islamic law They consider themselves to be municipal war with that place. It doesn't matter if it's an Arab Muslim country that's not religious with them. A Christian country a secular country where Buddhists country and the terrorist cell to carry out this relaxed bombings is perhaps the same Salafi Jihadist ideology that gave birth to al Qaeda and two Islamic. State's Yaacov as you develop these ideas through your research. What extraordinary developments have you found? Well when I was researching the virtual caliphate book which was as you point out approximately a decade ago. I was amazed by first of all how accessible this online activity was was an English. I was being exposed to English. Recruitment chat rooms where a senior Islamist jihadist figures were basically bringing me in British Muslims into their way of thinking and I was alarmed by this by published articles in the times when I was exposing this activity and it also makes me about how how easy it was to get into these foreign taxable. This entire world was these days. I know that things have changed very much so I'm not active in this line of research anymore. But I'm well aware that these chat rooms are encrypted. They're very difficult to enter and they've lowered their profiles so the activities still very much going on very much danger to international security much harder for people who are looking for to find it and get into these four without being spotted by therefore managers now since he wrote the book. We have seen the rise of Islamic state in Iraq and Syria than subsequent defeat and the consequential mass migration of refugees into Europe which has changed the politics of Europe is the gap between the people and their governments in the West bigger than ever in the West. It's hard for me to comment on because I Expertise does not focus on the West. What I can say about migration and how it's going to change Middle Eastern migration to the West. And how could change politics is is? This is just one reason why Middle Eastern refugees are pouring into the West. Another reason is say take the Assad regime. The Assad regime is responsible for millions of Syrians. Leaving the state of Syria. And the fact is that most of these people who are who have emigrated from Syria who who escaped conflict there are Sunnis and they're running away because of the coalition of Shiite Alawites who are waging the war in Syria on behalf of us have basically ethically funds them from their homes through mass murderer and war-crimes so what we're seeing here. Sectarian Warfare Creating wave upon wave of refugees from the Middle East and I think that will destabilize To a certain extent the political systems in the West if it repeat itself C. Another wave which I think is quite likely I mean if I said continues. He's about to launch a major offensive in Italy And if that creates another wave of refugees or if Turkey makes good on its threats to open the gates open the floodgates on Syrian refugees and let them travelling to Europe and we'll see this trend
Super Soul Sexuality with Rabbi Lisa Grushcow
"Both been really drawn to Judaism. I know for me personally. So many of my artistic. Inspirations I mean not consciously but they're all Jewish like Bette midler Sandra Bernhardt Barbra streisand lake. These people have informed so much of my view of the arts. And you know there's a strong part of what they do is related to Judaism and their spirituality and same for me. My I like comedy against version was Sarah Silverman who Super Jewish. And she's not embrace it and what I love about that. Religion is how it's both faith but also like an intellectual practice and people love to be conflicted in argue and disagree and I was raised Catholic. But I've never felt that catalyst ISM was really a space to question and I just love it. You get to do that in the Jewish faith. I don't think we could have found anyone better than Rabbi Lisa Grechko. Who is our special guest today? She used the Montreal Legend would you say the rabbi well she's a Rockstar as much as a rabbi. Can Be yes she is a rabbi at Temple Emanuel Shalom here in Montreal. She is the first queer. Rabbi that I personally know. She's quite famous here for really embracing progressive views for a religious leader. I'm in her sermons or super popular like people actually go out on a Friday night. Yeah I heard about it from a friend of mine. Who'S NOT Jewish? Who was just going and really found something real there. I feel she would be a great character on sex in the city. Like the girls would go to my sermon. I mean I just think we need rabbi Grechko in our lives in many ways as possible so we had a great conversation with her about sexuality. Faith family even divorce because she she has the same sex partner but she was divorced in the past and that sounded like it was a bigger problem in her community than being a lesbian. Rabbi crush go also does a lot of interfaith works. He works with Muslim. Meteors Christian leaders and it was really important for us to go beyond the politics of the day or whatever opinion people can have about different religions and some listeners might be atheists or some people listening might be fervent believers. We wanted to go beyond that and ask the big super bowl questions through. Rabbi you really got into Lake you we got rabbi Grechko set up a new. Didn't waste a second to get into your big oprah like question what came first in Your Life God or same sex desire. I was conscious of my spirituality. Let's say and religious sense of connection before I was aware of my own sexuality and then I was a relatively late bloomer. I wasn't out 'til My mid twenty say so for a while there was a real sense of struggle. And how would navigate those things together But that was more. A challenge with institution spiritually. That piece always stage. Did you feel spiritual As a child because I felt very I relate because I did feel as before I was kind of socialized in school and the world I felt the presence of a higher power. Is that what you're referencing? I had I had You know it's interesting because that's one of the things that might be different about Judaism in some ways that were so community based in so behaviorally based so I was very connected to the Jewish community as a kid. I went to a Jewish day school. I went to synagogue on a regular basis Shabat Dinners. Were part of our family life family celebration so all of those things were part of it. Some of the deeper connection came through learning which Jewish is a very spiritual activity kind of encountering sacred texts and asking questions and I grew up. Thanks to my parents with a lot of nature. A lot of travel lot of just sense of of being connected to something bigger you know going out in the middle of the night and lying down on a blanket and watching star shower I would say for me. It only took on a deeper resonance. Actually when I was struggling with coming out and figuring out what that meant for my path towards the rabbinate that was in some ways the closest that I got to a sense of calling or a Pitney because it felt like there's this path that I'm on and it's not going to be as smooth as I thought it would be so if I'm going to be on this path that has to really matter to me. It has to really be what I feel like I should be doing. Were you looking for answers? And that moment I think it was much more a feeling of of yearning of desire of closeness and relationship. I would say a sense that there was something someone who I couldn't didn't WanNa walk away from you said that coming out brought you closer to God. Can you talk about what way it brought you closer to God? I mean if you look at the story of the Hebrew Bible though stories that you've learned as a kid for US issues. One of the central parts of that story is the story of the exodus from Egypt. And it's a story of if you if you know the Hebrew going from meets rhyme. Which is the word for Egypt? But literally means the narrow place to a place of openness and possibility and the God who speaks to Moses out of the burning Bush. It's often terribly mistranslated as I am that I am. You know that Wayne was assessed. Who are you and imagine the Ten Commandments? Among God says I am that I am but it really is. I will be and so from me. Coming out was a very It connected me to that story of leaving a place of of narrowness and constraint and having a new sense of of possibility and freedom And to me that was a very religious spiritual story which I understood in a whole different way. I'm certainly not the first to do that. And that story has been used by so many people in so many important ways but for me. It really resonated. At that time John were usual. Kid I think maybe the arts for me and like my experience of the arts was the closest that came to spirituality as a kid but other than you know just loving Bible stories. I enjoyed it in the same way that I enjoyed fairy tales. You know what I mean. I don't think I really thought that. Much about my spirituality growing up Christian for me. I wasn't necessarily ashamed of being queer or being gay but shame was definitely an undertone in what in what you're describing it doesn't sound like that was your experience. It sounds like it was quite beautiful discovery for you to lean on that same sex desire and that queen is that was within you. I think in that sense it really Revealed from a Fault. Line between institutionalized religion spirituality And you know it's it's ironic because I'm a representative of of organized religion though. I sometimes joke. That Judaism is as disorganized. Religion is one can get. We don't have a central hierarchy in line of authority. You know it's a good thing now. I think it's a good thing and the rabbi isn't with direct line to God. The rabbi is a teacher and a member of the community so there isn't a sense of of infallibility or of kind of being closer to God than anybody else I love So that's you know when we we tend to be an argumentative argument to people and it's not a dog. Matic religion by enlarge. It's much more about what you do then kind of signing onto a creed and so by and large. There's a lot of room to move in that. But I grew up in a an arm of Judaism which has changed since but then wasn't ordaining. Lgbt folks that piece became a real real faultline for me. And I did grow up with not anything that anybody said. But we're not seeing anybody who looked like me and having an old you know commentary that was on our in our pews at the synagogue which spoke about that chapter in Leviticus and same sex relationships as being. I don't remember what the language was whether it's something around depravity and paganism in that kind of thing so that I remember but it wasn't the overall messaging you said something about spirituality and religion and I think a lot of people feel spiritual but don't necessarily want to belong to a religion that's more organized or more conservative more conservative. I understand but I sometimes worry that we sell ourselves short by not looking because I think when we look were sometimes surprised by what we find you know and the fact is organized religion and institutions as much as they are like dirty. Words can do things that you can't do when you're just meeting in somebody's living room right. We can create sacred space. We can organize community together. We can be there for each other and offer things in different ways that you can't if it's more do it yourself you know and I figure religions have been asking spiritual questions for Millennia so to be able to come in and be part of that conversation right instead of feeling like you have to start from zero and make it up from you as you go along. I think is really powerful.
A Closer Look at the Black-Jewish Congressional Caucus
"January and February have been full of commemorative moments for both the black and Jewish Communities. The birthday of Martin Luther King Junior the death anniversary of Anne Frank International Holocaust remembrance and Black History Month we sat down individually with three founders of the Black Jewish congressional caucus democratic congresswoman Brenda Lawrence Democratic congresswoman. Debbie Wasserman Schultz and Republican Congressman Lee Zeldin to discuss why the caucus exists the issues. They think it will address and why it's important for black and Jewish leaders to work together. Not Apart I I asked about the original purpose of the Black Jewish congressional caucus how that purpose has evolved since its conception and what the main issues the caucus to address we. I posed the question to chief. Founder Representative Brenda Lawrence when I went to my colleagues. And ask them if they would be interested in forming a black Jewish Caucus. Civically this administration. I have seen an uptick in divisiveness and Rachel tension and also hate crimes been reported as validated being on Increasing and we have such a strong and long history of lack American and the Jewish community coming together in those times when our country lost its way the Jewish community came to the support of the black community during the civil rights movement. We have shared experience between the Holocaust. Slavery of being people oppressed by no other reason except for who we are and We know and we feel uniquely the stereotypes in the tension that are often placed on us as black and Jewish citizens of this country. And we are here in Congress to write laws and policies to ensure quality to make sure that we're forcing the civil rights of this country and we should be having a unique conversation around this and I can tell you I was so impressed with the support and willingness in a bipartisan way to form the caucus so what are the main issues that the caucus hopes to address. Well I want to know that as we look at hate crimes and discrimination as anti Semitic. It's racist xenophobic Often go back to Martin Luther King. Our unity is born of our common struggle for centuries not only to rid ourselves bandage but to make oppression of any people by others impossible so when we plan or what. Our jackets is our is that we will make sure that we are uniquely informed. We are aware of these incidents and policies and situations where we see Racism not being addressed properly or being able or being nurtured and that we can pass policies and enforce loss through our justice system to ensure we're holding true to one nation under God indivisible with liberty and justice for all next. We asked Representative Debbie Wasserman Schultz during the civil rights movement jewish-americans lent critical support to the N. Double ACP and fought alongside. Dr Martin Luther King Junior to challenge racial segregation in public accommodations and black leaders have stood with the Jewish community following the tragic shootings. At synagogues in Pittsburgh Pennsylvania and POW California Joakim Prinz german-american Rabbi and refugee of Nazi. Germany represented the Jewish community as an organizer during the nineteen sixty three march on Washington. So that history is long and and significant and so the the The Black Jewish caucus is really important for us to be able to to retie those binds. And make sure that we can work on the modern day issues that are of mutual concern to both communities are purposes to assemble leaders to learn from one. Another advocate for joint concerns Regardless of party we believe And we exist because all partners are committed calling out hate and racism and discrimination anti-semitism and xenophobia whenever and wherever it rears its ugly head and you know our alliance in the Black Jewish caucus is really important so that we can work to honor and strengthen and safeguard the bond of our communities that have been developed in the struggle for equality in America. Then we asked representative Lee Zeldin. There is a need to better bridge the gap between the Jewish community and the black community and understanding a long rich history of the the black community fighting for on behalf of with the Jewish Committee and community and vice versa This isn't a new concept for us to be working closely and back in World War. Two was seven sixty first tank battalion. Bed Liberated gun skirt skin and God almost four hundred medals for their heroics their efforts and it was Jewish members who stood side by side with the black community during the civil rights push and some actually ended up giving up their lives in that fight for Justice and equality fast forward to two thousand and nineteen. This was announced in June But we were talking to each other about it for a few months leading up to that. Brenda Lawrence Really did a fantastic job taking a lead initiative. The American Jewish Committee was also influential and helpful with that. 'cause how has it evolved since then? I would say that more and more people have expressed interest in being part of it so it's become a bigger and it's allowed us to build a stronger network and we've seen a divide close But the challenges still exist and we just had a Hanukkah in two thousand nineteen that was marked by violent antisemitic attacks in and around the New York City area and some of the people who were paying attention to it saw that the individuals who are carrying out the attacks weren't neo Nazis. They weren't they weren't white supremacists. They weren't a radical Islamic extremists. And they they weren't Politically motivated it was a different dynamic than what you might have been talking about in June of two thousand nineteen You had some people who are talking about the the black Israel The Hebrew Israelite Movement But then others within that movement rejecting the acts carried out up in Munsey attacking the rabbi's home as well as attacking The the Jewish Kosher Supermarket in New Jersey. So in a way if you ask me how it evolved part of. It's been positive With all of the outreach in all of the new relationships and part of it has been an added challenge added friction as we witnessed what happened in the Hanukkah two thousand nineteen and struggling with figuring out how to as quickly as possible Deal with that next. We asked how the black community can support Jewish concerns and how the Jewish community can more forcefully advocate for African American issues. Here's what Linda Lawrence had to say. Yes the Jewish community has in the past as as you know during the civil rights movement Jewish communities one of our strongest legal and justice advocate on the judicial system but it is lifting the voice of Black America Black Lives Matter Institutional that is. Our biggest challenge institutional racism when it comes to the education when it comes to housing when it comes to the criminal justice lending voice to the black community and pointing out those things that are wrong and the black community. What we can do is make sure that we are calling out the stereotypes against the Jewish community. Then we heard from Debbie Wasserman Schultz. There is really some significant overlap that particularly with the violence and the Anti Semitism and bigotry. That is being hurled at our communities not just with these horrendous murders but with social media attacks and you know protest against our communities and discriminatory actions so we have a lot on our plate. Initially that I think are in my view important for our communities mutually and you know because the Caucasus really in its infancy as we mature and move down the road. Get to know one another issues that you know. We can be across the aisle and across our communities and the caucus focused on trying to prioritize the issues that the individual communities find important and lastly representative Lee Zeldin. Well we always spent a lot of times so far I talking about the way. The Jewish community has been targeted with not just Anti Semitic thoughts but antisemitic actions and violent and some cases of its cost people their lives. So you know the the ways for the the black community to identify what? The top issues are Right now for the Jewish community. We're seeing it. Play out really in the national news and the national debate for the Black Community The there still is racism in our country in many respects and I think that teaching tolerance and and understanding ensuring that policies aren't discriminatory that individuals have the ability to achieve the American dream and shouldn't be held back just because they might be someone of color or they might be practicing a different religion like Judaism. That discrimination racism still exists in our country. We saw it play out not too long ago on. Long Island where I'm from the first. Congressional district of New York is on the east end of Long Island There was a story that was in. Newsday was an investigative report of members of the real estate industry discriminating against people of color who were trying to find housing trying to Purchase a home to achieve the American dream. And unfortunately that's an exception and not the norm. It's rare But the response has been robust with investigations. That have been lost. launched as well as the real estate industry themselves Self policing Each Other To educate but educate each other and to push out of their industry people who are discriminating against Black individuals who are trying to own a home and then she the American dream so I would say as far as identifying some of the biggest needs right now of the black community. I would say that just like it was easy to identify anti-semitism as a top needed needs to get addressed for the Jewish community. I would say. Racism is something that's very prevalent and still needs to be addressed absolutely with regards to the black community next. We asked what issues of mutual concern? The caucus can address. Here's what Brenda Lawrence had to say. I think it's extremely important. That the black and Jewish community allow the history of oppression for either of our people to be forgotten. You know there's some people who like to say the Holocaust didn't happen. There are people who say You know black people so each other to slavery. So what's the big deal? We cannot allow the history that as horrific as it is to be forgotten. And that's something else that I think that we uniquely can do as citizens of this country and as survivor and Debbie Wasserman Schultz. Right now we have a really significant challenge around white supremacy and the rise of white supremacists in United States white supremacist increasingly targeted and killed large groups of people in recent years because of their race or religion in the United States in Twenty fifteen we had nine African Americans who were murdered murdered by a gunman whose name I won't mention at the Emmanuel African Methodist Episcopal Church Mother Emmanuel in Charleston South Carolina. Because and this is quoting the murderer. He knew that it would be a place to get a small amount of black people in one area. You had Robert Bowers. Last year yelled antisemitic. Slurs before he opened fire and killed eleven worshippers at the tree of life synagogue in Pittsburgh Pennsylvania and that was the deadliest attack on the Jewish community. American history you've had attacks on mosques where insecurity has had to be increased after fifty one people were massacred to mosques in New Zealand. So we have a very current urgent challenge with bigotry. Anti-semitism white supremacists who are engaging in in deadly violence and so that's at the security and houses of fighting. Anti Semitism and bigotry is Is really the top of our current list of issue the very tragic areas of mutual concern for for both communities and and I would also add Particularly because most of these crimes perpetrated with guns the Jewish community in the African American community have have really come together around making sure that we can close all the loopholes that allow people who shouldn't have a gun under federal law here in the US be able to get them Now that issue is unfortunately not bipartisan. I was just getting ready to say. That's gotta be bipartisan. doesn't mean that That the hawks On Black Jewish relations can't take it on
A Live Chat with Two of the Biggest Rabbis in Phoenix
"Have two of the biggest rabbis and Phoenix here with US tonight. Rabbi Dr Smelly Yanko. It's the president and Dina validate me Josh and Rabbi Pinchas. Illusion is the founding rabbi of Congregation Beth Safina in Scottsdale Arizona. Come come welcome rebuttal. Don't usually have two guests because things can get really off the rails so we'll see what happens here rabbis. I'm GONNA call you. We'll we'll we'll figure out what we're GONNA call you but let's start with this question for both of you. Why isn't this Jewish community different from all other Stephanie Loud Mark this is why all the people who don't touch the MIC? Don't have problems every house. That better josh all right there we go sorry Stephanie. So let's start off because there's like no spoilers here because only spoilers so rabbis. Why is this Jewish community different from all other Jewish communities? Are you guys even Jewish? You're letting each other speak. It's an excellent question you went on to. I twenty all right so I think for two main reasons number one. It's a community that has just been founded really in the past. Few decades other communities are centuries old. This community is quite new and therefore its future is still very much ahead of it. I think that's why many people are really attracted to the potential of the community year as I was when I first move you thirteen years ago. And it's buzzing with excitement that's number one number two. I also think that it's a community. It's quite diverse and it's diverse in its culture it's diverse in its levels of observance of background. But it's not just the diversity that is attracting and that is quite unique to Phoenix. But it's a unity within the diversity truly feel that we're a united community which can't be said about Kish Committees. That was speaking about before in other places so those are the two main things that I see almost immediately like musing. Yeah well you say when. I was thinking about moving in the middle my seventh year. The two points that people shared as to why I shouldn't consider it. They said it's an intellectual wasteland which is totally untrue. We have people coming out to our learning events every night interesting ideas. And secondly they said it's a moral morally passive community very private very individualistic which is also completely untrue. When we have various activists campaigns people lined up lined up to show support. Who said that? And should we beat them up here? Do you want the crowd here? That can go after them. We the J. Crew here I want. I want to address the thing that you just said. So I'm kind of two minds about the activism angle. There's a part of me that thinks that it's really beautiful and essential for community of face to be very involved in you know social political elements and feel this kind of moral calling and there's another part of me that is a little bit kind of taken aback by how dominant this political discussion. Become just you know. Want to go to show just to hear the Torah just to be together with Jews and worry about that later some other place. How should we be feeling about? Its connection being social justice and question so Rambam my monitors in the third section of his guide for the perplexed. Says what's the purpose of all this stuff and answer is the welfare of the body and the welfare of the soul by which he means the well. If you have to know a little play there which we do. The welfare of the body means just state and the welfare of the sole means the perfection of the intellect so basically the goal of Judaism view is our inner life and our outer life which is to say the inner life is our ritual or beliefs or spirituality stuff. You're touching on and the outer life which he comes to say becomes the priority is that Jews should be on the front and center of fostering the Jus- -ociety and so I think we have a problem. Today I think that The traditional segment of Jewish life prioritizes the parochial and the traditional and not the universal. And I think the more liberal segments of Jewish life prioritize the universal and less of the less attritional and this middle ground of saying yes we care about the world we care society and we care about Jews. That complete package is what we're GONNA do. You agree that he taught us to call them. Yeah that's pleasure. No NOPE BRONCO. Way Back like twenty minutes back calls me peony so all my friends do so no problem. I I would agree with that. I would say though that needs to be a healthy balance of course between the two because if almost like Mark Twain said some people are so open minded that the brain spill out. Sometimes we were so much in open that we forget the message. And so we have to be steeped in the roots of Judaism very much so and yet not forget a calling to go to the outside point out also that if there is an emphasis in Judaism on which side counts the most. It's the outside if you think of the idea of Mitzvah. Most of the six hundred thirteen meets vote are outside oriented. They deal with the world that don't really deal with the internal world. I can only think I don't know maybe you can take more of to mitzvahs on top of the mind that deal with the inside. Prayer Torah study but otherwise everything else really deals with the outside so there is. I do find this emphasis on. Tacona LOMB on trying to rectify the world of course with God's light and with God's message but on the other hand also not forgetting where we come from forgetting to be a steeped in our roots as possible. Something we talk about a lot on the show. Is this idea that a lot of juice today don't necessarily feel like they can just walk into a synagogue and be welcomed or would even feel comfortable. There would even know how to get there. What do you think is the best way to connect with Jews? Who Don't haven't necessarily found their place within the institutional Jewish world thank you. They should go to the valley. Bettman rush to go ahead twenty. I was first before you go second. I'm sorry what did what are these. Mutations Paul Ince Geneva come on these guys could pull off a Juku. They've got the organization got the intellect coming the trail be stealthy. It's a fascinating question and I think that was a really good at alien one another. It's true and I think that the percentages of Jews were not engaged. Not because they're disinterested because they've been alienated is also very high and I think the challenge here is to embrace pluralism which does not bracket are absolutes but creates space for other absolutes. That means that for those of us who are really fervent beliefs. We learn how to create space for others. And those who are more relativistic and actually don't hold. Views are able to cultivate those in our space. I'm worried about those on the margins. I'm worried about single folks who have had had trouble finding partners and we were the people of Color feel alienated those of lower socioeconomic status who feel alienated Those who are converts all types of marginalized Jews that I think are. Establishments can do better being inclusive those with physical disabilities or and really a whole host of others. And I think our community is very good at embracing those who naturally fit in. I would agree also. I think it's an excellent question because he hit it right on the now. I think the biggest challenge we have is rabbis is to make Judaism not just relevant but also accessible and I would say that the lenses I try to wear as rabbi and I think that all Jews should try to wear is the lenses of what my rabbi teaches in his book. We Jews the STEINFELDT He came up with the idea that he was the first one since then. I've heard it many times. But he came up with this idea. That Judaism is not a religion. I don't approach another Jew because of religion nor do I approach another job. Because he's part of my ethnic group. Judaism is not an ethnic group. Judaism is also another nationality. We don't have to live in Israel to be Jewish. What is Judaism? Judaism is a family. I approach another Jew. Because he's my family and yes you could have two Jews and seven opinions but as another Aba of mine taught it's one heart and we can't forget that we do have one hot. We we are part of that. Same family what unites us is much greater than what divides us as the CLICHE goes. But it's not just a cliche it's the truth and therefore not do is better than me. We all have the same soul. No Jew is wiser than me. No Jew is deeper than me. I think every Jew in a way is a part of God and you can't add measurements to divinity to the infinity God is God and Jews that reflection of God he has that Jewish soul and together as a family. That's what unites us. That's what we celebrate. There's that great bit in Michigan where they say that you know. Why did God make us all descended from the same couple so that nobody could say you're better than my father is so so