Listen for the latest news and guidance on all things horticultural. For budding gardeners and seasoned green thumbs alike. From audio aired on premium podcasts.
Tree Care 101
"Now I know that you were telling me earlier the your company you're you're really busy right now with tri care and talk a little bit about when when somebody calls a landline number to come out to their house to take a look at their property and their trees what what are the first things you start to look at? Well, the first thing we really start to look at is how you know, we're we're looking at the the Leafs, you know, what's the color of the leaves are is it a full canopy, you know does a tree look thinner and canopy a lot of times that's a sign of a maybe an insect disease issue could also be a sign of like a route issue panicle issue, then we start to really look at the structure of the tree. You know. Are you seeing holes in the trunk of the tree? Are we seeing sawdust at the base where the branch is attaching to? These are all things that were evaluating. We're looking at these trees, you know, it's but the health is probably that first thing that I just I always go to you'll have to have a healthy tree to enjoy it and most of the time they're easy quick fixes, but song Times when we get called the trees already half dead. So that's the thing to to be thinking about when you're looking at your trees. It's don't wait till you wake up that morning. You're going my trees missing half its leaves what's wrong? So it's those little small tweaks that you gotta start to look for before before it's too late. And I guess you know looking at the health of a tree Fred always says never prune anything higher than you can reach with your feet on the ground. I know you guys are you go up in the trees because that's your job and and you're good at it talk a little bit about the pruning of the trees and and and home is do you take out a certain percentage or is each tree just individually different. It really depends on the tree and the situation. I mean, that's the hard part is there's there's some rule of thumbs. You don't want to take out more than twenty-five thirty percent of the canopy, you know of living tissue stuff like that, but that can even be different, you know on a small the you know adolescent tree to spend in the landscape a couple of years. You could make only two years. He cuts and take out 50% of the canopy, but that tree if it's healthy. It's going to be fine. You prune old and mature tree. Sometimes you only want to take out 10% of the canopy cuz you take too much out stressed that tree out, you know, you gotta think about is the Leafs or the the producers of the energy for the tree. So you take too many leaks out of that tree. It's not producing the energy and can stress it out, you know, but definitely am looking at bringing your tree, you know, evaluate the branch structure, you know, taking out the dead branches. It's not going to affect the tree and things like that, but definitely don't take too much of the leaf leaf structure out. I know Fred always talked about also looking into a tree and looking at the branches sort of as as the spokes of a wagon wheel he likes to take a look at a tree and then say, you know, how are the branches spaced apart? Definitely. So when you think about spacing to you don't want all the branches coming to one spot think about a pear tree and I guarantee if anybody has a pair to go out in their backyard and you're going to see this you're going to see a trunk coming out of the ground and about anywhere from five to six feet long. It's going to split into probably anywhere from 4 to probably I've seen ten different branches in the same spot and that's that's key is is really we really focus on structural pruning and and and took the branch structure of those trees and really anybody at their house can do the same thing because I always put it as like think about taking a kid, you don't throw them in the closet and then ten fifteen years later open the door to see how they turned out. Are you sure? Well, I don't but I never know but the same thing like the tree right you don't you don't just plant and let it go because it's going to develop horrible structure. It's going to be a nightmare. It's going to cost a lot more money. Yeah. It's just a couple little Cuts here and there will really go a long way on that tree.
Uprooted, a Book by Page Dickey
"It begins with an Anton chekhov quote. it says I am in the condition of transplanted tree, which is hesitating whether to take root or begin to wither, and it looks like you took root page. So tell us a little bit sort of set the scene about this transition for us. Well. I. Think in the beginning and and certainly when when I didn't know whether I might with her it was it was very hard to leave. my old garden I'd been there for thirty four years. my husband join me for the last fourteen of and and it was. A place. Created over the years with just tremendous amount of love and passion and and to just walk away from that was was difficult But. After much searching and and lots of. Panic when we really couldn't find anything right away we decided to move to North Western Connecticut and we found a plot of land that took my breath away and. Because, it was full of fields and woods and wildland and a view. Of the Berkshire Hills and It started me on a new adventure and I think that's when. I realized I wasn't gonNA weather. We didn't have to irrigate. Don't worry. She's GonNa. Be. Okay. Oh how how did so so you had been at Duck Hill. For those thirty four years and so you came to start again in said, this piece of property was breathtaking. It took your breath away and. But How do you know where to begin because? Both of us, we were much younger gardeners much less experience crash when. When we began our where I still live around same time as when you went to kill and where in your your work at Duck Hill. So we were experimenting with different things We're at a different stage in our as I said in our experience. You know. Like what lessons? Where did you begin? How did you know what to do I when you got to this new place? Do you know what I mean like what what did you say? I've got to DOT DOT DOT? Yeah. Well, first of all, they were remnants. Of, a garden. As sort of cottage garden in the front of the House and and. And although it, it crossed my mind just wipe it all out I didn't and it was mostly just peonies and. So. I knew that I wanted to play with that and that would be my. Perennial Garden you might say or place perennials. and. Bulbs and a place we walk through every. Time. We go inside and out. So So it would. It would be a fun place to have that sort of a garden. But I realized. Almost. Immediately I didn't want a garden like I had Kale Duck Hill was Full of hedges and. And Boxwood topiary and. It was a series of rooms and it was very enclosed. And this new place where we lived was open to the sky and open to the fields and open to the view and I realized I didn't want. hedged. Garden anymore I wanted something that related to that wildness. So I I think I knew pretty much right away that I wanted a lot of natives in the in the in this. Little. Garden things like M. Sonia and Baptista and astor's and so on. And But then at the same time, I was thinking about what to do about this little garden. I was starting to explore. In the woods we I think we have about eleven acres of woods. And I got so excited about the woods, we have high rocky limestone dramatic woods on one side and low rich. Damp. Woods on the other side and I got so excited about. This wildland that all of a sudden. We were the stewarts of. that. I was almost torn. Half interested in creating a new garden. Half of me just wanting to start walks start pass in the woods and start cutting down the invasive. and. So that was a whole new world that excited me right from the beginning
Is Coir an Eco-friendly Substitute for Peat Moss?
"There's one other ingredient that has let's see as its first letter that is Koya. What on Earth is Koya? Well, it's made from coconut husks. It's often being touted as a sustainable alternative for things like Peat Moss. and. You'll have to find that it comes stocked as a hard brick which then have to put in a bucket and add water to it so that it's at least fluffs up and makes a much larger amount of compost. So it's really convenient. If you are living in a flash, WE'VE GOT small amounts of storage space or you want to order growing media through the post because these lightweight. Compressed bricks are very good way of getting your Koya so is. More sustainable than Pete I would say it's definitely more sustainable than Pete but there are downsides to its production and as your member from last week helping me on these potting mix episodes is flat Nikolic also known as Mr House plant, and here he is to tell us about the pros and cons of Koya. They're also a few issues with using core and the. People generally aware of them. One is can potentially contain a lot of salt. So the first thing you should do when you buy go who core after you re hydrated unique to Charlie, rinse it to get as much of that salt out. And another problem which Is Opposing when you've been using it. You're you're aware of that is that it doesn't contain nutrients to have to fertilizer plants all blinds reporting incor- core. If you're using exclusive, we go core. So, you can either use a hundred percent cocoa mix and fertilizer plants what we or you have the option to mix core with a beat base party mix as they contain nutrients. So for example, you could use sponsor who core one-third third base party meeks in one-third per lights promise or sent improved drainage and ration- There is also an environmental issue with. Cocoa, production because a lot of chemicals are used in the production and then a lot of water has to be used to remove these chemicals and the water used to raise them out goes back into the water that is being used by local communities. So. It turns out the production of go who is not As environmentally friendly is people usually think. So if you're looking to buy Koya, it really is worth checking out the company or buying from where they're sourcing their Koya from because not all core is created equal. So for example, here in the UK fertile fiber is a company that supplies Koya and all its square is certified by the Soil Association, which is UK Campaigning Organisation for organic food. So their quality control's excellent and you can be assured that their core is top quality. And will work well for your plants and they have full traceability. So they know exactly where their products come from. If you're in the US and looking for Koya epic gardening, Dot Com guest of the show does have a nice guide to different corporate products on his website. I'll put link to that in the show notes it's also worth bearing in mind the Koya does come in different gradings. So that is very fine almost dusty, Koya which is a replacement for Pete Compost. Slightly larger particles right up to Koya chips which are about a centimeter-by-centimeter. Of US this on a couple of years and this seems rather good for plants that need a really really porous mixed with lots of in it. And, then you can get the kind of fibers which are often kind of matted into pots or in hanging basket liners. So again, look at the quality of the stuff you're getting and assess whether it's what you need because the gradation of the sizes of the particles will effect the air holes, the water holes that are available for the reach to us.
Is Mid-September Too Late for Lawn Renovations?
"Is it getting too late to start a lawn renovation? No, but I would do it in with with haste at this point. Whether that renovation be just simply wage are Asian. Or then going to the next step of slice seating. If you need to add new grasses in the sooner, you get it done and the fact that you're going to be using usually a fairly heavy amount of of Kentucky Bluegrass and maybe the tall Turf type tall fescue was there going to germinate the turf type tall fescue germination probably ten or so days. The Bluegrass is not for 21 days. So you want to get them in get a moist get him going so you can be mowing. The new grass has several times at least before winter sets in but other than just being a bit of a hurry right now. Certainly, it's not too late to do these things. And won't be long before all the leaves are coming down. But no we're getting a few down already Mark in my backyard. I have been very proud of a honey locust thousand years it is. Oh, maybe 1/3 defoliated already. That's just kind of the trees have it. I've gotten used to it and all I can do is wet feed them little bitty leaflets. I just brush brush off my feet before I walk into the kitchen. It is Diwali ending heavily and many other trees are starting to turn some color and that leaves of the lease oldest first formed leaves of this past spring are indeed dropping. I don't think it's a very concerned for us. However, I would recommend though that we've had an interesting summer more or less normal, but where it's been dry a couple of times I would be aware of either rainfall or additional watering before winter sets in, Georgia. So that the plants and this would be all plants but trees in particular so that they go into winter in moist soil so that when the water in the soil freezes it expands wage is is off the air vents minor as they are but any obvious just the best thing. So right now we're in pre-winter circumstances. I think it's pretty much normal. I know my log. I've got pretty darn drive for a while. But I at 1:30 day point I watered enough to keep the crowns alive and they are it off last rain for several days ago lawn is starting to shape up again.
Perennial Plants and Perennial Gardens in Fall
"And I know that not for reasons that you wanted to. But for other reasons at your house, you are redoing your. Some your perennial plantings this fall. Are You Yes, we are under construction for reasons not of my. Choosing. Seal in the past couple of days, I have turned a corner on this and I am now looking at it as an opportunity to redesign the garden at the front of my house. So right now, it looks pretty much like a war zone. There's everything has come up the trees, shrubs perennials, and I'm kind of getting excited about pow I'm going to replant so. That's my silverline I'm glad you mentioned that because this is a good time of year to Redo Perennial Garden. What we want to talk about in our main segment is not only redoing a perennial garden but also kind of standard fall perennial maintenance what you should be doing various methods because as always in the garden, there's never only one right way Yeah but. I often think that. One of the downsides of a perennial garden is that you get it planted and sometimes it seems like well, a lot of work to be honest to Redo it right. So you know I'm I'm looking out at one of my perennial bid, the job pie we has really taken over a big part of the garden. I Love Joe Pye now I love the plan it's very Pretty bad. It's really getting to the point that I should go in there and remove half of it. That's going to take a half of a day with a shovel and digging and lifting and all of that, and it's very tempting to do it. But fall is a great time to do it if I go in now and take half of my Joe Pye. Weed out. Then, next spring, I'm going to have that area that is ready to plant with something else, and one of the reasons that now is a good time to do exactly. That kind of thing is because now you can see that giant swath of Joe Pye in your garden, and you cannot deny the fact that it's taking up more space than you. Originally intended and really you need to move some of it in the spring you can kind of fool yourself because it's not big it's not in flower you can't see its full size, but there's no denying in fall when you look out over your garden, what has grown beyond its bound I'm grinning because it's like Ellen was in my head this spring. because. I was out there looking at the U. Petroleum which is the Joe Pye weed and I was thinking Oh, it's not so bad. You can't do that now. It is so bad. So this is a good time to either remove some perennial plants that have gotten out of hand or it who moved perennial plants that perhaps you put in the wrong spot you know that maybe this plant isn't as tall as you thought, it was going to be and so it's hidden behind something else like all of you Pretoria. Or maybe the plant actually got bigger than you thought it was going to be and it's hiding other things and you really need to move it to another location. Or here's another reason to get in there and do some editing. Maybe that plant is just a little bit too much of a thug and you're thinking, why did I plant that gooseneck loose strife in the first place? This is a good time to pare down remove or transplant, and if you're going to transplant, there are a couple of things you need to do for a successful transplant and the first thing I would say to do is cut back most of that top growth you do not want to be digging up a six foot tall stem, of Joe, Pye weed leave a couple of leaves on it, but you want to cut it back to a foot or maybe eighteen inches and it's Going to be much more manageable for you to dig up that Rupaul in addition to editing out and if somebody is redoing their garden as as you are, it is a good time to think first of all, do I want to rearrange things? Do I want to redesign? Do I really want to put any of this plant back if? I'm? Going to find no, I'm going to have to pair that you Pretoria I'm back again in another five years should is included or should I plant it someplace else entirely so I would encourage people to make those assessments and see if they want to do maybe a little more than just the absolute necessity in terms of editing and redoing
Can I Prune an Overgrown Rhododendron Now or in the Spring?
"Jason said in question. He says I have an out-of-control Rhododendron. It's about twelve feet high and it's moving out over the sidewalk. I'd like to cut it back is now or spring better time and I'd like to cut it back to three or four feet tall week. Okay. I don't know how to handle this. Sorry did he hasn't been keeping up with it Over time. However, that being said I'm going to start with a truck accident and that is a mail truck that was parked. It was evacuated package were taking the building the truck brake apparently hadn't been set. It turned up over the curb went in and broke off about twelve foot tall rhododendrons ripe add bumper height. So let's just say it thirty inches I have an old Lord. That's the end of those while I went by two years later. They had been left in they had to had all the dead removed and so on and they had grown back another six inches. I suppose nine inches each year. I was dumbfounded. I thought it would kill them. However didn't so where what is being suggested is a really delicate in terms of balance of what will and won't make it I'd say go ahead now, I would definitely under these circumstances cut it off in the early spring. I don't even know what date to put on it, but around April 1st some time prior to the plant. Well it just even back into March sometime prior to that plant wasting any energy putting out New Growth new leaves flowing etcetera. I would prone it Bend so that it can log So to speak just to the loss. It will not have expended energy from the root and Crown area up into the plant. It won't have used up enough. But what there should be plenty of energy left to start to excite the buds in the by that means get them to Growing that are on the lower parts of the plant. Now, this is risky. However, as I say the truck off on its own it took out three plants and I was dumbfounded that came along quite so nicely. So if well, first of all, I would do it in Spring only 1/8, I would do it before you even lose the flowers just so you don't cause that energy deficit any greater than it will be then I would definitely dress the surface around those months starting twelve inches out or at a plant thirteen twelve inches out from the trunk. I would put some acid fertilizer on the ground throughout the whole area. That would have been the drip line of the place. It's a 12-footer could be 4 or 4 and 1/2 even five feet across.
How Can I Install an Irrigation System Without Damaging Tree Roots?
"Says. I'd like to put an irrigation system in for my lawn. How. Close can I put the lines to existing mature trees without damaging the roots? Well Mark. That's a tough one to answer. Let me just start with the fact that if what he's speaking of mature trees that has been in the ground where they are for three years and or more, the chances are the roots reach out at least as far as the width of the canopy of the tree. Now I have seen. Irrigation put in where the lines have gone way way way too close to the trunk and it makes almost a major kill in the root zone because they have to dig down deep enough to get the lines properly buried so to speak. That's big danger. Now, if if we look at a tree trunk and the crown of the tree reaches out fifteen eighteen feet on any given side, if they stay out ten feet away from the trunk. They're gonNA be cutting some routes without any question however. The odds are they will only be, let's just say dampening the plants growth to a certain small degree. Kill factor probably goes away when you have a tree with a canopy that widen you get closer than ten feet from the trunk. Then you start to get into the big breaks routes you get into a physical matter of holding themselves in the ground you get into the root growth and so on. So if I may On Doug's question. stay. It's hard without knowing exactly what speaking up but try to stay out as far from the trunk as you can in all cases. Now, sometimes you go, for example, between trees of of the. Size that are stated. So you put the line equidistant from the two trees. You know you're cutting roots of both but probably not so very many you run the main line between the trees then you run the spurs off. Or the feeder lines, whatever you WANNA call them you run those off and you think now of compass points, you think of a wagon wheel whichever with tree trunk being the hub, and then the spokes being the major routes if you can get out away and then run a line in a long with I'll call nearly parallel to the roots. Then you're not cutting so many that are important and you can put sprinkler heads and so on and a little closer but the best answer for Doug is to try to get somebody to come out and take a look at the place in terms of tree considerations and other plants, and then go with era. Gate.
The confusing world of potting mix ingredients
"There is a huge and confusing world of blunt potting mixes out there. You've ever stood in the garden center. bags and not quite sure what to buy. Then I'm here to help and I've elicit another expert to odd that up on the matter my guest this week missed a house plot. Ak Vlada Nicholas Cage is a house plant care specialist from Washington, D. C. With a huge following on Instagram, and he also makes them pretty awesome tiktok videos to I. I came across him via a wonderful Tiktok where he was doing a matchup between computer games and House Plant Care, which is absolutely brilliant. Open link to that in the show notes because we're GONNA be doing some decoding of posing mixes I'm working out exactly what you need I. Guess. The first question is, do you need to make your own bespoke potting mixes from individual ingredients or can I buy something off the shelf? Here's missed the house plans thoughts on the matter. There are two general types of wanting me sold out there. You have mixed plants for succulents and CACTI. We'd succulent Yes. The lot of them are good in you could use straight out of the bag. However with tropical makes in most cases for most Hobby House from growers. This use some extra of the bag. The main reason is most of these commercial makes or not or. Yes. It's all about the holes. POROSITY is really important concept to grasp when it comes to choosing your house plant potting mixes and the truth is that not all hose grated equal in soil water narrow held in for spacey's in between particles in these horse can be different sizes. We can generally classify his micro pores or lower floors in microprocessors smokers. These breweries they're often leads it to the naked eye while Mike reports are not in my reporters important for who who'd area because they hold oxygen. Whereas Mike reporters are important for absorbing holding water so It's important to maintain both adequate. In water supply for all planned growth in a city to have both micro in. In the soil. In when they say the most policies aren't enough. They don't have a lot of these reports. They don't provide a lot of Austin for the roads. In order to have a good solid structure, it has both micro might reports you need a goods ratio of small medium, large particles in particles of different sizes. Probably most commercial mixes the problem is a they contained mostly Moss, which consists of very fine particles. So you'd have only only fine particles the slow only pretend micro voice, which means it will retain water. You won't have a lot of oxygen into also compact very easily. If you've listened tonight sustainability episodes, then hopefully, you'll have some awareness of the sustainability issues that are surround Pete and its use in house plan compost. But it remains the fact that many many production nurseries still supply their house plants in potting mixes that contain an extremely high level of Pete. So how come those nurseries can grow plants the look amazingly lush and well but when we get those plants into our homes with and don't change the potting mix they start to struggle well, fortunately Vlad's on hand to explain that as well when a plant is getting locked to light it photosynthesis more and as a result three, pulling more water from the soil. What this means, the roots will not be sitting in west, salt for a long time. So the chances overthrow brought will be low. And this is why plant nurseries can grow in these next. Nurseries provide huge amounts of light. They have ruled stay have walls made out of glass. Fifty Times more than the plants in our homes. So nurseries actually need party makes they retain a lot of water which is why they can use these leaks. Straight out of the bag, but the problem with growers is bid. We don't have this salon life in our homes and. Most people even if they do have a lot of wife. Did Not provide to their clans is deeply usually choose plan place from based on that where to look good noth- according to how much light is to get in a plant doesn't get a good amount of lights it will synthesize less and. Pulling less water from the soil meaning, they will be sitting sweat soil longer and increase. Should you be changing the soil on your new house plants? The me get them home from the nursery. This is a subject of enormous debate in various house plant forums. But here's Vlad take plants in nurseries. They usually go through periods of very. Intense growth and the soil that the coming could be. Deficient imaging by the time you get them. So if plans is Lutheran deficiency, of course when giving new so soon as you can continue developing well, also there is accumulation of salts in the soil over time, they will burn the roads. So the longer you leave a plan inside soil more damaging will have on the roads. So If a plant needs to be deported usually. Again.
How to Save Seed
"We should talk about this and because first of all. We have gotten a couple of emails to Plant Rama. Dot Com about saving seeds. So I know people are interested that way and I personally have gotten emails from people who have seen particular plant that I have raved about you know on my website or wherever, and they want to know do you save seeds and Trade me some of your seats for something. This is something that. Plant People Garden Gigs do all the time? Isn't it? It is something that people do I mean there are seed saving. Seed saving societies I like the alliteration there. There are people who get together on an annual basis to have a seed swap. So people when they find a plan that they like and I, think that's probably I. Think there are two probably the first two reasons that come to mind for why you might want to do this is one to save money and to so that you can grow these plants that. Seed might not be readily available for commercially the you know something really interesting that you just love. You might not be able to find in the trade, and if you see somebody who's growing that why the heck wouldn't you ask if you trade something for that seed my main reason for saving seeds is to be sure that I have certain biennial 's or annuals every year that I particularly love and. So I will save the seeds from my bread poppies for example, more my corn poppies and although these two plants do self seed in the garden I, do collect the seeds because the chipmunks love to eat them. So if I don't get out there and collect seeds, the chipmunks are going to feast on them, and then I don't know if I'm going to have enough pop is the next year or So I've seeds from something like tomatoes, which is super easy to do you bring your tomatoes inside and it's easy to collect the seed but something like a poppy that's going to go to seed in your garden. How do you? How do you collect that seed before it pops open to you put those little bags over the the seed pods or what do you do? There are some people who do they take little those little sort of what are they called Organza gift bag yes. Yeah and they have a little drawstring during you could make your own out of any very lightweight fabric. So there are some people who tied those around seedpods mainly to prevent seeds from falling out. But for a little while anyway, it can also deter the critters from getting them. I don't do that anymore. I tried to defeat my chipmunks one year. The score ended up chipmunks Five C L nothing. Off Sorry, they ended up chewing through my bag. It was a good attempt, but I think the main thing that people need to know about saving seed is not to pick them too early. Yes. You want to monitor so that you get them before they the seat pods. And the seeds fall out and then they're gone. But. If you pick them when the pods are green, the seeds are likely not to be mature enough to grow next year right? Right. So you have to wait for the seed pods to turn. Brown. But before they open up before you hard, that's right. That's right and once they have turned brown. There are a couple of things you can do what I usually do is I pick them and I put them in a paper envelope and then I leave them in the house just open so that they can continue to dry out and the seeds fall out the seats fall out into the envelope. At that point then I know. Perfect they're ready to store, and so then I put that envelope in a jar or a tupperware container and seal it up. And store them until spring and do you ever put those little those little packets that we get inside like shoes and purses, letter goods, and sometimes and other things that are like supposed to keep the moisture out of the air do you ever stick one of those in the container with your seeds I have not but you certainly could I just be sure to wait until they're all dried that there's no sign of moisture why? I keep the envelope open you wouldn't WanNa pick them and put them immediately in a sealed glass jar. Too much moisture they're likely to mold, and that is your enemy some people instead of putting them in an envelope. Some people put them on as like a cookie sheet on top of paper towels and let them air dry that way and what I would recommend you do whether you're using the envelope technique that I, use the paper towel technique or something else is to immediately once they are picked right on the paper towel or on the pope. What this seeds? Labeling is so important. It just really helps if immediately you write it down
How Can I Amend the Potting Mix in My Outdoor Planters for Next Year?
"He has a bunch of pots and wooden boxes that he put plants in this year and instead of doing a garden next year, he's going to do the pots again must've liked it. So he says, what should he do to the soil? Once this year's crops are ready for to get them ready for next year. Once everything's done this year he says they had fresh potting soil in them this season and he's wondering if he should amend that with maybe Peat Moss or compost well, no First of all, I like his idea and and You can indeed grow a lot of things in in pots I. I've seen five gallon buckets with holes in the bottom that that you can grow things in. I've seen some of the fanciest horse jobs that you can imagine that are mega priced the that are all going this direction now There's a cautionary statement that has to be made at least in my opinion where if plants that are in this current years growth or any current years growth start to show divac that would if you took it to a garden center and they help you make a decision what it is, if they say that it is a fungal material. Or, bacterial or whatever. Then I would start thinking in terms of a complete change out of the soil. But until that happens where where a professional grower wouldn't dare. Put ponding material back in the old file and grinded up into it because of disease carryover and crop insurance and all this good stuff. But if the home owner such as myself I have baskets that I simply take down stack I, throw a piece of plastic over don't run constantly wet, dry, frozen, and so on, and then in the spring because there has been some shrinkage of that soil, it's on, I will add more actual just putting soil however it depends on the I'll call it the. Context in terms of Peat Moss. I'm a Big Peat Moss Lover Because of its water holding capacity and drainage. Now, that's one of the main ingredients in many of the potting soil because it does imbibe water and hose it only until the X. can drain away then moves back in the soil, and that of course is quite idea for all plants.
How Can I Prune a Wild Looking Elderberry Plant?
"I have both the common and black lace elderberry. The black lace is better behaved but the common one has crazy growth. The stems also seemed to be quite fragile. Can you please tell me when and how to Prune it? I'm laughing because of the description I'm going to start with the black lace I just lost mine last year it has probably been twenty. Twenty plus years in a given spot. Now, it started off with multiple stems as they do I decided. To try something so I cut away the extra stems left one good solid when in in the middle of the crown and it grew to the point of having about a three inch diameter trunk under it, it stood Twelve feet tall at the very tallest part and probably eight to ten wide. It just simply expired based on time as far as I know No, it was well behaved I, had to prune it but it was like. The heroine, a scarecrow. On the common one one of the is when I used to hunt. Along well, we'd end up near railroad track and turned away from that. There was a given plant, a natural and native plant as unkempt as a plant can be each year got bigger and so on I I'm GonNa say then having seen that one multiple times and then exposed to others along the way I think it's kind of a natural thing and she just needs to prune it and in the flowers on new stems she could prune. Well anytime up until. I. Suppose. Middle of our well, let's just say the beginning of April because it would be setting new new stems and things get it managed. Or restricted at before that point in time and let it go ahead and flower. The flowers are nothing remarkable per se and in terms of a white. As she's noted, but at the same time, it can be just full of flowers when it's in bloom and it's particularly outstanding with creamy white flour against the black lace fully. So I think she's dealing with a natural situation and It's just like an unruly kid you gotta deal with it a little bit more often.
Why Is My Pieris Plant Turning Yellow?
"Bruce asks about his piracy plants he has to. A says parts of them turn yellow and Brown, and die back every summer they're in partial shade and I give them acid fertilizer occasionally any ideas on what's going wrong Well, not really It. It is a plant that wants established like any other plant. If it's internal growth now, by that meaning some twigs that are on stems clear back near the the original growth then those stems can sometimes get pinched out and die off as well as the material on out toward the plant toward the edge of the plant I have one only that is oh my. My eyeball heights and probably five and a half feet or so across now it's getting thin. Just. I think because of as because it's been there for over forty years but. It does not seem to do what he's describing however, if it's only a small portion of the plant, let's allow that he is doing things right being in partial shade is good. ACID fertilizer definitely is good I. I, would recommend that rather than occasionally he'd he'd be a little bit more active with that not excessive but active to the point that it says on a package of acid fertilizer X. amount per plant a certain size. I would use one half of X in March? Decent jacket type day, and then I would use the other right after boom period in June. Sustain that might help, but it sounds to me like it's just perhaps age or aging where twigs or dying out. Now if a whole Greek portion of the plant dies off, then I'd be looking for critters such as voles chewing on the bark, right at the ground line something of that nature. But if it's if it's only small areas, I would recommend that you you just cut them out and let the plant grow over that spot I'm hoping it's not too big spot or spots, but Sounds. Like he's doing the right things maybe just be a little less than casual with the fertilizer. Do it each year not as I say not excessively but because it being Eric Ages Planet can well, it has to have fertilizer that has acid either the ad they acid otherwise or whatever but any as long as he's doing that. And would kind of upgrade that process and keep the plant moist because dry shade can be nasty and a summer like this where we went for several periods of considerable drought. it depends on what's where so on but it could be just simply lack of water the plant suffering some from that and the portions that are the weakest of portion of the plant simply die off I mean that's just kind of normal of attrition but I tell him it's been the right place, upgrade the fertilizer a little bit and make sure it doesn't get dry and that late June July and August period I don't mean sopping wet now but but every two weeks a good thorough soaking will sustain that plant otherwise he's in good shape in terms of what he's done.
When a new plant is actually many cuttings tied together
"Board. What she calls a scandal means Mike Hans plant from baby plants dot com a company in the Netherlands which. Is Very popular for selling these very small young plants. So if you go on the website, you can see can buy an allocation Sabrina in a four centimeter diameter pot four about four and a half pounds and no wonder they are proving very popular for growers in Europe and the UK. She writes it arrived absolutely sodden looking bit limp. So I took it out of the pot to remove as much putting media as possible and reported on doing this I discovered is not actually one plump six stems tied together with an elastic band. There was some roots, but it'd a bit difficult to tell where they're coming from without separating the whole thing which I'm not keen on doing is this normal practice to Selah plant like this first of all a word about the name of this plant they own selling in this plant as Philodendron Scan Danes Mike. Cans now I think I mean I roy taxonomy as we all know is A. Bit of a minefield but. This is what I would call. Philodendron. Hetero. Mike Hans Eight trailing philodendron with these beautiful bruhns e velvety leaves, which is proper adorable unlovely. It was sold as a medium sized plant with the Drama Troupe of twelve centimeter height five centimeters. So not a tiny tiny baby plum Mrs rose to be a slightly bigger one and I contacted baby plants direct to ask about this issue. And this was their reply. We don't grow this plot ourself. So we have asked the grower, the blood is grown from cuttings they put them together with the support band to grow and make new routes. This plant is grown and sold in a pediatric nurse report that's quite a big pot for the plant. So that is why they use more cuttings to fill the pot so that. Is the deal we've got this plant sold as a medium plot, but in fact, it is a bunch of cuttings. The first thing to say about this is the practice among nurseries of packing, Paul with young plants or indeed cuttings to make it. Look more full is very, very, very widespread i. saw someone the other day with polycom Chow Doria elegance on twitter I. Think this might. Have, been in house our actually and they're wondering what to do because some of the lease looking really crispy and looking at the part you could just see there were so many young seedlings chuffed in this part together that they were just out competing one another. So the question is, is it fair to describe this plant as a medium plant when it's made up of cuttings? Well? It's a really widespread practice is very, very common I can see how lots of people new to the hobby would be very confused about this and wouldn't really understand the same happens with Swiss cheese plants, lots of baby seedlings in apart, and as a result, it looks like you've got a more mature plant that you have. Of course, with these kinds of plants you can't tell by looking at the foliage just how mature the plot is. The elastic bands interesting one again, this is certainly not unheard of come across many people who have. Taken their plots out of parts and discover that there's an elastic band in there. Is it how I want to receive a medium philodendron plant probably not I have to say I don't really want there to be an elastic band hin rather plant because although I'm probably going to spot it because I usually do look at the root ball lots of people are not going to spot that and as the reach grow on the stems grow. It's probably GONNA. Start restricting the plants growth and ideally there's cuttings shouldn't be all shoved in exactly the same spot in the pot. So that is something that concerns me. But as I, say, it's a fairly widespread practice. What would say carry is if you are unhappy with this unhappy with description and if anyone else out, there is in the same boat to go back to the supply and say, this is not acceptable. I am not happy with this because the only way that things are gonNA. Change is if supplies realize that customers are not happy with this way of doing things. So I think it's about trying to get our message across to the suppliers that they need to look. Again at the way they are packaging and putting their plants so that they will survive in the long-term because it's it's not very sustainable either to have a plot that is. Hobbled from the beginning and likely to die because it's been either shoved in apart with loads of its fellow cuttings or young plants all because it's got a band around it that could be restricting growth and causing problems in the interests of balance. I should say that I have also heard lots of good reports about baby plants, dot com, and a d like the. Way that they offer a chance for you to start off with a really spoil specimen of Aplomb, which you can then bring on as opposed to buying a really big specimen, which then might struggle a bit more auto data. Your situation
Dan Hinkley on Making Windcliff Garden
"It. So Some of the you said, you know sort of throw things at the soil and see what sticks and so forth and what I one of the things. One of the many things I loved reading the book and having known you for a long time and a little bit about the old days and so forth. That even though others would characterize you as a famous Gardner and you know an expert, all these very high praise kind of things in the book you talk about yeah? Like I'm trying to see what's going to work and some stuff's going to die and you know you're very candid about the fact that this is experimental even at your face of second big garden being a plants men having you just said, you the people who owned the House before they used to have you come prune this particular maple. I. Think you have a Master's degree in your thesis or whatever was. The Genus Acer Maple or something. So you've got some training and experience, but you acknowledged that this is an ongoing learning experience and experiment. Yes. Oh you know I. Don't think any of US call ourselves. True gardeners can can say, Hey, we finally of mastered this I mean there are there are some people out there that really have you know perfected the art of growing maybe a genus or to that of plants that are more difficult to grow but I would think any of us that are honest. With ourselves know that. You know we're still gonNA plant and too closely. Ridiculous. It is to take four inch pot and actually plant it. You know eight feet from another four inch pot. It's like that's the most ridiculous thing I've ever seen in my life. Of course I'M GONNA plan that three feet apart and regret it. know in three years time. So I the these are the things that I continually struggle with. This this want of density of planting and. At the same time realizing that. I making a mistake in in the process of planting. Trying to you know force. Square. Peg round hole all of those things that we were doing his younger gardeners I I admit readily to doing again on a piece of property but I you know I think that ultimately you. You do this long enough and you begin to understand some of those. You know live principles of of what makes us successful gardening excuse me a successful garden work. And I think those are the things that I took with me in class and. You know continued to try to work within those. Principles to make a garden that satisfying to me.
Why Is it Hard to Find Burning Bush in Most Nurseries?
"Carry. Send in a question and she says this year I tried to buy more burning Bush for our yard because I like the fall color but our local nursery has discontinued carrying them. They told us that burning Bush is now considered an invasive plant. Why is this and can you recommend some other plants that will give good fall color? Well, I I. Think I got answer all of that and and let's start with what invasive means burning Bush does not have a flower. That's very conspicuous at all. You have to be looking for it to find it no big deal in the spring. However, the little fruit that set are almost nut like and they drop to the ground or birds eat them to get the well the outside of the little seed head off and so on, and then of course, they make droppings off through the woods and it Cetera most of those seeds are viable and most of them therefore turn into burning Bush burning Bush. Is Most, beautiful to us when it's out in full sun the more sun it gets usually the more red you get. However, it is a denizen of the darker woods and it is much like honeysuckle and probably just a close second from the invasiveness of honeysuckle the wherever, wherever tends either dropped eight or going to become plants, and as they move well as they grow and then repeat the cycle off through the woods. It's actually clogging the floor of the woods that is detracting from our normal natural native plants. So that's that's kind of why it's. Bad I actually many people most people are probably not going to deal with burning Bush thinking. It's still beautiful in the fall. However, I have to compliment on air the nursery garden center, whichever it was that is no longer can handling the plant.
Mint, Outdoor Pots in Winter, and Transplanting in Fall
"Where I garden in New Mexico September is a very dry month. Our summer monsoons are over, but it's still super warm and we get about an inch and a half of rain if we're lucky in September which is not a lot and just definitely not enough to keep my tomatoes. Happy. And I don't grow a lot of vegetables as you know, if you're a regular listener to this podcast, but I love homegrown tomatoes and I don't even start harvesting them until August. So September is a very important month for me and getting my watering right I. Grow in containers and I need to make sure they don't succumb to bottom blossom rot which we've spoken about in the past, and that's where my dram rain wand comes in the shower setting on the dram rain wand is the perfect setting to very gently but completely thoroughly soak the potting mix in my container. There is nothing I found that does a better job of watering my tomato Anything else that you really need to water in your garden than a rain wand from dram. So check them out at Rainman DOT COM and you'll be happy and your tomatoes will be happy. Today for our eat drink grow segment we're going to talk about keeping plants in pots throughout the winter either outdoors on their own or with a little bit of protection because sometimes container plants need a little extra help from the people who are growing them. Don't they see oh, that's right. They'd say that the soil in a container whether it's a pot or a box or a trough. Gets about twenty degrees colder around temperature. All right. We need to be thinking about that first of all, always for putting something in a container that we want to live through the winter. That means that that plant needs to be hardy about two zones colder. Than where we are so if you're looking, for example for a small evergreen to put in a pot on your porch and you wanted it to be outside during the winter, you look for an evergreen that's hardy to zones below with if you're in zone six, you would want something that's hardy zone for yeah, and the reason for that is pretty easy to understand if you stop and think about it if you're growing something in a container that route ball has a very limited amount of soil surrounding it to act as insulation maybe two. Inches maybe three if it's a really big container, but as that plant grows the amount of soil insulating the roots become smaller as the roots take up more space in that container, a plant growing in the ground that very same plant growing in the ground has much more soil insulating its root zones. Maybe even some mulch which you've laid down, and if you're growing in containers, you need to make up that difference in some creative way There are a few things going on here in terms of plants making it through the winter in containers. And we just talked on the first one, which is you want the right plan outside in order to make it, and we'll talk in a second about what if you don't have the right plant what if you've got a bunch of roses in pots and you know they're not hardy to zones colder from where you are so So there's that the plant and then there's also the pot itself and trying to prevent that pot from breaking. Yeah and also then there is the matter of if you're think it's marginally hardy trying to protect it. So which should we start? We just touched on the plants and finding the right plant. Let's say you've got the plant in the pot and we'll come back to the material of the pot later. But let's say you have the plant in the pot and you know it's probably not gonNa make it through the winter without a little help from you. There's a couple of things you can do and the simplest thing maybe just to move that pot if you have a part that's Out in the open and you bring that up against the southern wall of your house where it gets direct, Sun all day and that Sun reflects off the wall of the House that could easily keep that pot ten degrees warmer. So that's really simple if you can move your pot to a sheltered location that sunny, it's going to get some reflected heat. That's a really easy thing to do another. Fairly easy thing to do is to put some sort of insulation around the pot. Yes and people have used bubble wrap for that quite successfully This is another great use for the large smart pots if you have a big smart pot. You can put it out. You can then put your pot inside the smart pot and the area in between Your Pot and smart pot outside you stuff with leaves. I love that idea I never thought of that and not only does the smart pot contained the leave so they don't blow all around. You know it keeps it all nice and tidy. That's number one, number two, the smart pots are black, and so they absorb Shuki of. Never. Great idea. So that's a great use for the smart parts and you could use the same smart parts that you plant your potatoes in during the summer and repurpose them to help protect a plant and or potted plant through the winter. When I was working on New York City terraces. This was something I had to deal with all the time and if I had round containers do the bubble ramp thing. I'd rapped the containers in that and then I put something attractive over at like Burlap so that it had didn't look like everything was wrapped in bubble pack and another way you can do this. If you have square containers is cut pieces of that Styrofoam Insulation Board and put them along each side and then wrapped them in burlap or else it's going to be more attractive to look at because not all pots. Of insulation value in and of themselves, right. The material they're made out of makes a big difference that is true and you know even a pot that isn't going to break those often don't have insulation value because the walls are so thin and so adding something extra can make the difference between the plan barely making it and having it come back gangbusters next year.
Some Plants That Give Red Color in the Fall
"There are a great number of plant well, almost every plant has some sort of fall color. The ones that would give her read though starting with a fairly sizable vibe Burnham called Winter Third W. I n. t.. E. R. T. H.. U. R.. It's a maroon dark. Maroon Leaf. It has then what's called a droop fruita believe is correct and it's it's half the size of a grape and just about the color of a of a green purple grape. Fragrant SUPERMAC is Grollo Samak. I happen to have that around the base of a tree toughest nails it. It is putting up at the tree, the root system of the tree. Is a few weeds and keeps on keeping on. It has a good looking fall colored female spice Bush is bright yellow. Now, that's not going to be the color she's after, but we come then to common witch Hazel, which is again a little off of the the norm as far as getting into reds, but it's usually a rusty orange type of thing then well, June Berry or service Berry, and the reason is called both is that June berry the fruit has developed turns from green to bless green to more red to purple you have to fight the birds. Then it has a wonderful rusty red fall color in most cases. Father Guilt well, and there are many varieties of service berry from probably only head height who will. Six. Foot or so on up to about fifteen twenty feet then there's a plant called Father Guillot. SHRUB I have seen it whether it's a giant one, our standard when if you will. Ask for the Standard Planet is probably your best bet because the the big old fashioned one, I've seen. UNMANAGED period over it does I've seen it eight or more feet wide in probably eight feet tall. So it it and at the same time, I know where there are a dozen of them on each side of a major walkway into a business building facing south. Hot Dry miserable on sloped ground it still holds up and when it comes fall, it goes into red orange rid and when you're off, Oh, a hundred or more feet from that entrance almost looks like a fire burning on both sides of the entrance. A good one. There's another plant that goes into the burgundy color. There's a dwarf of it and a standard size. It is called it. It EA It has a white flower in the spring not unattractive but not real big and showy however in the fall all things being equal it's a very deep burgundy.
How Long Does it Take for a Plant to Be Considered 'established'?
"Because I have a forty five year old oaken, my front yard long time established roots probably into my neighbor's yard nothing to my side yard and so on. I still. Give. That plant a good thorough soaking when it's been nearly thirty days since the reign of any significance I don't mean something to settles the dust but something significant because much like people although however, very different a plant that has a good summer's growth. Is Far more resilient plants. Plants manage their internal characteristics be for insect protection for Disease Protection for growth it's it's a very complicated story that I only partly understand but even on a great big old, tree. I will consider it established a time back, but I'll still water after thirty day period when there's been nothing substantial. So to to Tom's question I would say that most plants won't. Be established. Even even basically until the third year of growth and then on the fourth year, probably often running more or less on their own. Now, I know a great number of plants that are catered to. To the point of drowning them be have to be careful there. I also know a plant where people don't think anything beyond the first thirty day they plant they water and they walk away and that's it. The plant suffers on or dis. Tom figure year one, it's like a new child. And A. Quality bottle baby, and then the second year child is starting to move around We'll be standing up soon. Pulling things off the coffee table and then the year. Hide everything that could move. The. Child is becoming established so too is the plant, but then I I I'm serious about this business of four years for full establishment. to where you've made in most cases, a pretty significant investment in landscaping.
How to Care for a Norfolk Pine
"Did have a another email and this one asks us as Fred I have a Norfolk Pine plant. About. Three years in my care, it's growing very nicely but it's getting a little top heavy and it needs to be repoted and then so she wanted some advice on what type of soil to us whether potting soil or garden soil and how large of a pot. Okay. Absolutely. No. Garden soil garden soil for Gardens Garden soil is what you work with the Rototiller and you work it up every year air rate it and you add organic et Cetera start with. Good potting soil it is already an organic ready mellowed out by the the nature of its manufacturer so that it carries both water and area it whereas regular garden soil infrequently packed down and cause a pot not to drain and then just up and kill the plant. So having said that then let's go positive usually you go to a pot no more than one or two inches larger in diameter than the one, the plant is growing in. Now there's a lot of. Talk about why and it Cetera I've never quite understood the the absolutes spoken sometimes, but plant roots don't. Well. In a way, they don't mind being crowded now they can't think of course at least we've never found a mind in one, but at the same time don't don't go too big not that's one step. Then get a pot that is also some deeper. one to two inches of by all means it shall have drainage now even to the extent if you put it in a bigger pot, that is just a plain pot and then you put that pot in, will call it a journey near by the way market. I would tell you the difference between a plotting to Jordan near. Tell me price. Okay. Okay. Now man you you. You get the plant into that size now, it can be done now. No reason not. However, it could probably be put off. 'cause there won't be much growth between now and early early spring. That's when the plants get into the Longer Day of light they get into better use of water, etc, and it might be just a slight advantage to the plant. To wait until spring however. If it's a project that is almost on the must list ready to fall over out of the pot and you go for it.
Saving and Sowing Seed With Ken Druse
"GONNA have that with in the comments with the transcript of the show. So what the heck are you doing over there? Well. You know this this idea started because I when we talk, what am I doing? Oh Yeah I'm collecting aid of things that have ripening, which is this is the perfect time to keep your eye out for seeds especially of ornamental plants that you want to come back next year and I know you've got an abundance of Angelica goes. So those biennial, the plants that. They're so themselves right now or we can collect seeds and scattered them where we can collect seeds and start them indoors in the winter. But the time to catch those seeds before they drift away and You know like the JELICA I can't grow GIG US we've talked about that but I can grow Arc Anjelica and Atro- Perea you ever seen that one with purple stems so beautiful. And Paki carpet sorry he's talking Latin folks already we haven't even gotten. A bit Anjelica attr- appropriate is the purple stemmed Angelica, but I made that name up. so So yes and so some of those. Those Angelica are biennial Lsu, said, what are some of the other things when you look around that? You have in the garden that you would be targeting because you said you, you don't do well with that with the anjelica guess that I grow. That's kind of got those big wine colored. On bowls flowers at this time following that are followed a beautiful purplish green bud. The other ones do quite well for me and they're forming their basal rosettes kind of flat growth which next year just like a lettuce plant will bolt, they'll shoot up their flower spike sometimes with an Argon Jelica. Seven or eight feet tall got some moisture. Right, and and that's what you said when you said. Basal, Rosettes. One of the important things, and this is maybe we'll get to this later but. Know, how to recognize these babies because if they saw themselves or if you some of them outside, you don't WanNa destroyed accidentally later you know anyway. Yeah. So so sometimes takes a little homework looking things up and I always love when websites show or reference books show the seedling the babies as well as the grownup plant anyway. Okay. We'll get to that later we'll digital and. I don't have so much luck with. The Regular Fox glove that everybody loves for some reason I think this is all due to my sandy soil the one little more moisture. The other digital us like Vera Guinnea is that the one lend lend Tanai think is one and Ludia, which is this little plant plant's not that little bit of flowers. The Spike is covered with these creamy yellow little flowers, but it's covered with them and that's self sows or you can collect the seed or you can sprinkle the seed where you'd like it to grow and it's not a big thug just. Usually, one plant will drop a seed and or lots, and then you'll get one flanagan. I do so ver, bask them. I
The price of rare plants
"Right. Now it's time to talk about rare plants and when this turned into a ranch, I wanted to be a reasoned argument but I hope that this will give you pause for thought about what's happening in the house blunt world right now, I guess I got really alarmed about plant prices. When applaud the I've been lusting after suddenly went up in price. As many of you know through the podcast I've been looking for a piece of Panteli sensation, a cultivar of tons of area. Correctly Justina As been moved to the dressier genus, the snake plant, I've been looking for. Peace or a plant of this particular offer longtime. Now, for some reason, while they're common in the US, they just aren't that common here in the UK and I haven't found a shop selling them I think couple of people found a plot shop in Poland selling them, but I still do not have one of these plants. So I. Put an Ebay search save out there. So that anytime anyone put one of these plants on Ebay. I. Would know a few months ago the last cutting that I had been watching the last pup that I've been watching when I think he has for about twenty five pounds and I missed out on time because I thought that's a bit expensive. Anyway another pop came up from the same seller I think very recently about two or three weeks ago. I was Kinda getting excited because the price was still quite low are and all watching the countdown and the price was still about ten pounds and I thought. The chance here? How much did it go for? It went for it went for about eighty seven pounds. For a tiny stick of a snake blunt. Thanks to the listeners by the way who offered to send me a piece of their bench Elson session from the US very kind of you. But I don't think it's a good idea given plant health and spread of diseases to be importing individual plants from the US plus. Don't think it's worth it for the air. BYLES. Of course, there are other house plants that are going for much much more. The headline in The New York Post recently was some sucker in New Zealand just spent five thousand dollars on a house plant. There was a variegated rafic for a test drive perma with variation, the basically split relief in half between the regular caller and sort of golden yellow. and. That plot went for eight thousand, one hundred fifty New Zealand dollars on the site trade me nuts about five thousand. Dollars in other words, a lot of money and there is a track record for plants on this trade me site going for a lot. There was a Hoya I think it was a Hoya compactor with the reverse fair Gatien the way for six and a half thousand New Zealand dollars. A before POPs a couple of months before I'm, and of course, we all know about the variegated monster at unsown. With those little holy leaves marked with cream the have also gone for some really interested. High prices recently, this has been building for a while. Now, this trend towards rare or Unicorn House Plaza cost a lot of money but I think that lockdown has exacerbated this desire for plants as lots of people who want to. Live and up their Home Office of got into the House plant thing during lockdown adjust desperate for these very, very rare loans. And I think we've really got to take the long view about this in that planck. Crazies are really nothing you. My first thought is back to the fern craze in the mid eighteen hundreds I wasn't there I'm not quite that old over my children would probably beg to differ. So in the mid eighteen hundreds around the world. There was a firm fever that really took of people and lots of women in particular were going out and bought an ising and looking for funds in the wild and buying. Funds from nursery such as the famous and now defunct lodges of London with the huge glasshouses, and these were really desirable things to own back. Then the talent teradata mania was coined by Sir Charles Kingsley and he wrote your daughter's perhaps I've been seized with the prevailing Tareyton mania and are collecting bind funds with wards cases where into keep them for it's you have to pay and wrangling over unpronounceable names of species which seemed to be different in each new book that they buy till the territory mania seems to you somewhat of a ball. So that might be familiar. Scenario of of wrangling over the names and buying the special equipment, the wards cases, which is just the original server terrariums plots in. So that is an illustration of the fact, this is not a new a new thing. Plunk raises a bit around forever I mean even Coleus those cheapest chips plants that you can buy very very easily are certainly not subject to a premium. These days were at one point something, very new, exciting and expensive. If you check out Dr Catherine, Horwitz Book Potted Histories, you'll find out that a dozen new coleus hybrids sold at auction by the RHS's one, hundred, sixty, eight when for three, hundred, ninety pounds. How much three hundred ninety pounds is worth today about thirty thousand pounds so As I say it's not new and equally even further back in history chilly fever and sixteen thirties same time citrus trees also massive status symbol mainly because you needed an orangerie to keep them in. So. Wild prices for applauds are nothing new
Nature's Tasty Secrets
"Turned off the canal towpath now, down, quite a narrow twisty turny path into a wooded area. And I can hear water in front of me. So let's see where it takes us. The so many different planets. Different flowers is really beautiful. And he's a man armed with two beautiful wicker basket. So I believe your call Fred the far eject where does that nickname come from a run business called the wild side of life and I spent most of my time teaching people how to forage for medicinal and edible plants. Now I've already seen some blackberries and they are looking really juicy. Can you take me to place whether even more bountiful to my best but I think we need to get out into maybe a move sunny spot. So why is this a place state you think is good to come and pick up raise this perhaps a mile and a half of country park where anyone's allowed to go and their blackberry bushes all over the place. It's a free market absolutely for that and many other things to. This looks like a black free books to me. But Bruce quite distinctive but there are a number of other lobe fruits that you could mistake it for. So there are things like the debris who's tends to be much smaller and more compact. Let's the RASBERRY and if you're up in the mountainous areas perhaps up in Scotland, you might find the cloud berry another free of a similar shape, the colors completely different. So what your top tips for picking and store blackberries when you pick them, run your hands gently over the cluster of varies and just with your fingertips, roll them slightly around each vary because the ones that are ripe were literally just SORTA popoff. Don't use a carry a bag, it will get quite machine bashed. shelf-life is dramatically reduced. So try to use an open container of some sort if not done wealth about brees I'm afraid and look around here I can see nettles but apart from that, I can't see anything else here that I would not to pick tweet. So today I'm going to introduce you to some of the unsung heroes of the plant world. which he may have pulled out of your gardens, weeds trump would over. Let's go find out. Things, you need to remember. We have this kind of notional idea of what I call the doc we say. And try not to pick things on the edge of footpaths and lesser at least two or three feet above the ground. It's gorgeous out today apple cheese around look at the sun on the kind of the Ashley. Oh Time. Before He in the one that looks like a big Benaroya. This is nothing like that. This is greater planting common-law. Wait you would cook it as a spinach like affects people take a look at these seat heads pulled backwards and the seed comes off your hand I use plantation seeds an ingredient in my mixed seeds mixture I gather every years. Path now is a lot more open than way where before in the fight closed in woodland space, it's much more majer. We feel it feels very sumarine because wall the flowers and all the insects. Let's get down here. Look. This is waterman like plasma breaking out in a plasma boil. When you inhale it's real deeply relaxing and it makes very calming. Hazel not. Having actually got not. Find our teeth can stand up to it. Always little sheep but don't know how much they liked neck. It's a bit of an unsung hero, isn't it? Natalie's aloof a lot you can do with it. It's hard to exhaust the number of uses you can put it to the top of the stinging nettle. Rick Out Vicki bear hangs. How're you doing that without getting Stoughton show you nettle stems are covered in lots of tiny stinging hairs and at the base of every one of those hairs is soft land full of venom if you rub to plant in this direction. All of the. Fold upwards and you don't get stung but if you're up the plant in this direction. They leave jagged edge which digs into your skin. It's almost like pulling a pint of beer. You know you're working the needle backwards it's pumping the venom sac into you. So the nettle does not stink. You Stink Yourself. You must fit firmly in a section with new leaves on. Hand must be already traveling in an upwards direction. As you grip few grip I then travelers, you'll be sons fancy. Okay. I'm. The young ten to tops are very good green vegetable. They're very rich in iron and they're very high in protein that make a wonderful T- and even lightly cooked they no longer stay. One of our local pastimes in the wilds of wheelchair is rolled metal eating competitions. Of course, the trick is they know how to destroy nettles really quickly. So if you roll it up, you stick it on a molar teeth chomped down hard to release the. Final secret is that the juice of the nettle is the antidote to the thing is pretty cool
Back To School Special: The Little Gardener With Julie Cerny
"How did you come to right the Little Gardner and who? Who is your target audience and why? For me the the why that I'll start with the way I feel like even the book we start with the why right the idea of setting an intention and having that beat the place you go back to when you feel. a little off track or maybe a little overwhelmed or maybe over in your head or just find calm in your sense of Pirka. So the why for the Little Gardner in? To. Really is to cultivate ecological literacy this understanding that. We human and all the other life that we see on this planet would not be possible without ecological systems. And From any of us in our in our day to day. That relationship is not. Visible or it's it takes a lot of energy. To find the in to have a working and meaningful relationship with. Gardening I feel is one of the most accessible way to you know to the most number of people to form a connection to nature because very simply we all eat you food is nature nature is food and so when I. When I think about. What You know my own purpose and my own heart and operating. In. This world is to cultivate conscious connection to nature and to create joyful connections between ourselves and nature. Ourselves and each other and ourselves and ourselves and I find that gardening is a beautiful way to do that. So the book. The target, audience. Is. Really. For anyone who wants to reconnect with nature and the way it's designed for a quote unquote big gardener and a quote Unquote Little Gardner for some combination of that kind of team to work together to create a garden together and understand. That a garden. Really. Nature. It's cultivated nature but the same systems really apply. So it it serves as this. For me a distinctly. Beautiful classroom. Where those walls are broken down where we can have these meaningful relationships between ourselves nature and each other. And have those Come alive experiences, and the fact that those things can happen whether you have an acre to work with more if you have, you know a gallon bucket or an old yogurt container sitting. On a porch on a sunny window so That accessibility was really important to me. and. I. Thank you. For years I've been say, oh, now more than ever. It's important that we connect with each other. You know what? It's always going to be important that we connect with nature we. To be to be. Blunt about it we wouldn't be here without nature we are a part of it and So I always feel like it's the most important time to be reconnecting
Preserving Herbs Over Winter
"L. Let's get into our main segment, which is preserving herbs drying freezing bringing inside how do we do it at this time of year, most people have abundance of all types of herbs. What are we going to do with them? A lot of it depends on how you plan to use your herbs and how often you plan to use your herbs drying. Certainly, the easiest for most people, but a dried herb is only going to be really delicious and fresh for about a year maybe a little bit more. But if you feel that you're going to use your herbs up in a year and the next year, you'll dry a whole new crop I. Think. It's a great way to go because it's very simple now. Of course I have a dehydrated, which is like my right arm I would be so sad if I had to give that up and the reason I like it is because it let's me set the temperature at which I want to dry my herbs. A lot of people want to do dry herbs in they're oven or in their microwave, which is very. Possible, but at temperatures over ninety five degrees Fahrenheit you lose a lot of the volatile oils and that's what gives you the wonderful flavor. So I recommend a dehydrated where you can set the temperature or simply hanging them in a cool dry place in your home or putting them out between two screens in the shade and trying to dry them at lower temperatures. Now answer this for be Ellen. Do you think that there are some herbs that dry better than others? Yes. I know dried rosemary is really very similar to fresh rosemary, right but what about parsley or Basil Parsley dried just don't just don't even do it just don't Basil. I would say my best word to describe dry basil is Ma-. It's. It's maybe better than no basil but maybe not better than no basal but for things like Rosemary yes and Oregano shore and time and summer savory and sage a lot of these. Herbs Dry wonderfully and maintain a really great flavor if they are properly but for things like parsley and Basil. GonNa have to go with the freezing bleaching freezing. You do a lot of freezing and oil and broth chew I freeze them several ways, and I'm so glad that you started out by saying how you're going to use the herbs because I have here on my notes which we haven't talked about ahead of time I I started out by writing how are you going to? Because, if you if you freeze your herbs in olive oil, you're not gonNA use those in like a cocktail right for that you might do it in water. But if you if you on a low fat diet and you want to use your herbs in a soup, you might freeze them in some kind of broad off. So yeah think about how you're going to use your herbs and that'll that'll get you started and I actually freeze them in. Several ways for example, I will take my chives, Parsley chives. That's another good one. It doesn't. It doesn't dry well, much younger freezing. So those I will do some that just chop them up and put them in a bag fresh in in the freezer. I don't them just put them in fresh, and then I use them a handful right out of the freezer and those I tried to use up within about six months, which is basically through the winter. And then in the spring. Plant new plants and start over again. So I do them that way and yes, I will do a lot of them in oil I. We will chop up Basil in olive oil we will chop up parsley and olive oil sometimes I will do a mixture of herbs in oil and I will freeze them in Kinda little dollops on wax paper. And their cube trae you could you could do it on an ice cube tray, and then once they're frozen, you can put them. You know in a plastic bag so that then I can just grab a tablespoon of this basil and olive oil puree or parsley or a mix of the two. CILANTRO is a good one for doing that as well. Yeah. Not a good one for drying. Cilantro think it has any flavor but I blanch mine. I because. I found especially something like Basil if I don't that the color of the frozen or abyss particularly attractive and it doesn't matter if I'm going to use it for you know baking a chicken but if I'm to use it in a Pesto or something where the color is actually GonNa, show I like to Blanchet because then that preserves some of the green and it's not just brown I use the ones that are not blanched getting thrown into cooking it's getting put in a pasta sauce. So the colored is moving into soup. That's right. So it doesn't matter that they're more of a dark black green than they are. Right. The. Fresh. Green you mentioned at the beginning, you said drying freezing or bringing them inside, and I've got to say I have almost never succeeded the way I want to succeed with overwintering herbs inside I've tried it and I've gotten a couple of months and maybe something like Rosemary will actually carryover for a while but you know those herbs that need like Sun Sun. Sun The Oregano the Basil I've always been disappointed with how they've performed indoors even in my sunniest window. Well, I do keep a rosemary from year to year quite successfully but here's what I was thinking when I, when I was thinking of bringing inside I'm wasn't thinking of carrying them necessarily through the winter. I was thinking of bringing the pot inside putting it in whatever kitchen window you have not with the idea of taking it through the winter but with the idea of keeping it alive as you use it up right there in the kitchen.
Why Is My Serviceberry Losing Leaves in August?
"We also had an email from Japan this week and she says that she has three service berry trees that were planted about eighteen years ago, and she says, initially, they were planted in full sun. But now a maple tree shades them about fifty percent of the day for the past two years the leaves turn orange and fallen off in August. She says they treat those with acid fertilizer Bernard until late spring or early summer. Do you have any ideas on what they can do to keep the trees from an early leaf drop well now? Not nothing absolute. But at the same time service, Berry can certainly stand right out on the curb side in a in a curb lawn they can stand in a plain old front yard they can. As mine have done they can be planted east of a younger oak forty five years. Later they're in full shade by noon and and on top of aging also, but that factor Is Not bad for them because service Berry obviously can handle this on, but it also can thrive in I'm GonNa call it more limited light The shade may be the problem but it also maybe that the big old tree or whatever is giving them shade is has become so very competitive but they're going to have to upgrade the amount of water and. Well Yeah. The amount as well as the timing of the watering I mentioned a little earlier that I've started watering I think I did anyhow started watering in my front yard on Friday morning and the first thing that got it was half the oak tree roots and all three service berries Now they're aging out. So I'm having some problem with them. Per Se just age but they're they're still Competing with the OAK. Then I go back in my history of of hunting time in the early fall. And there is Actual saving on my part a humongous oak tree with great big buttress roots. forking out from the bottom of the trunk. There was a service Berry. Of oh. Three three and a half inches in diameter right in between those two. Well, two of the big buttress roots. It wasn't more than eighteen inches out from the the swell of trunk itself. It was standing probably twenty five or more feet high growing under and within the branches of a humongous Oak. Now, it was the time of year and I had been there before without paying attention but the time of year, when they they it I should say still had a full head of leans now full head in that case was greatly thinned for my trees which were younger and more son. So now with having said, all of that I have a hunch first of all, I don't think they would need to use an acid fertilizer enough. There's no Honda in. Because the the the acid gets diluted pretty significantly once it's installed the ground but fertilization is definitely helpful. I would say that they they need to upgrade to watering those service. Bury's at least every will ten to fourteen days. Good thorough soaking now they're not a creek. Well, one of their cultivars is shorter type that grows right along down to the water's edge us on a creek but by and large. They are denizens naturally of the wooded areas they're in competition I have seen them defoliated by nearly this time of year. And at CETERA. So I I don't think it's anything unusual other than for them to continue the care they've given them. If. It is possible to to lighten north soon out the tree or trees that is shading them. I think that would be of some small benefits I think all they need to do is keep them healthy perhaps a shot fertilizer either in November thereabouts or on into early March just to give them all they need to be competitive and I think they'll find that they can keep them from differentiating soon but maybe not at all totally.