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Baltimore, Maryland, Virginia Maryland discussed on The Political History of the United States

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Automatic TRANSCRIPT

It is not until sixteen fifty eight. That claiborne is kicked off the island for good as an interesting side. Note Virginia. Continue you to officially hold the position that the island was their territory right up until seventeen seventy six after Baltimore seized Kent Island in Sixteen thirty five the call it is there were going to want their do representation in the legislature however due to the location on the island getting to the assembly at Saint. Mary's was difficult about a practical level. This leads the colonists on the island who said a representative to put forth their interests instead of them trying to personally make it to the assembly. This of course really had become the story across the colonies we see representative assembly spread throughout the colonial United States. As we move on in our story. Sorry we are going to continue to see the growth and evolution of the representative form of government. which eventually is going to accumulate in the continental congress? Interestingly interestingly in this case one of the first acts we see past and one that Baltimore intelligently wasn't about the veto wasn't oath of loyalty towards Charles. The first the concern in England is that the Connie's were going to become a haven for radicals which is something that the Maryland contests hoped to avoid. I mentioned this because we are obviously looking for trends here. That are going to explain the road to the revolution however this does as a reminder that in these sixteen forty s independence just isn't and something that was on their radar. As was the case in Virginia Maryland quickly grew into an area dominated by colonists who owned large tracts of wind with an economy centered centered around tobacco likewise it wasn't sixteen o seven anymore and the colonist understood that well profits are wonderful. Rowing food is also something that's probably probably worth doing. Colonist now had decades of knowledge from Jamestown out their disposal and Marylin quickly thrived. Things did become far more tenuous during the early part of the sixteen forties however Leonard Calvert did return to England during sixteen forty two in. What was the early phases of the English? Civil Wars with Baltimore mood was seemingly to Charles unable to get his correspondence across the Atlantic and Leonard. Having trouble back home Maryland was essentially left without any any meaningful leadership with anti-catholic sediments or any high people were quick to take advantage of the situation with Baltimore and his brother Leonard Calvert now all the way across the Atlantic there was a vacuum that suddenly appeared in Maryland's leadership inside of Maryland. It was Richard Ingle a columnist tobacco trader who decided to step into the void. ingle quickly Saint Mary's in the name of the Protestants instance. Also and I'm guessing. This does not come with much shock. William Claiborne seized on this opportunity and quickly retook. Kent Island something that he wasted exactly zero seconds. Doing it would take nearly two years for a Leonard to regain full control over the colony and he would only actually manage energy with help from governor Berkeley Virginia the period of infighting between the Catholics and the Protestants that occurred in the colony over the two year period made Baltimore. I realized that change was needed. The answer came in the form of a document promising religious toleration in the colony the act concerning religion did had several things I m most importantly it was a method whereby Baltimore could prove that he was not an enemy to the now post civil war only Protestant England and sixteen forty nine was not a wonderful time to be at the head of a supposed Catholic haven. That was the kind of thing that would draw unwanted attention towards Baltimore in this bill therefore promise that his colony would offer full religious tolerance to Christians which was meant to pacify parliament that this was not a Catholic colony money at the same time however there was pragmatic reasons for this as well. Maryland never really became the Catholic refuge that Baltimore had intended and it had always been overwhelmingly Protestant this act on. His face was meant to protect the minority group within the colony. What really however made at this age master stroke of genius is that the Catholics were in fact that minority group? It was always the Protestants who had been the majority. What Baltimore two more was able to do? Here was passive act where he was seemingly giving lip service to protecting the rights of the Protestants well in actuality protecting the rights of that minority ignored group of Catholics. The situation in Maryland would grow more muddled during the sixteen fifty s when the English forces came and attempted to seize control of Virginia in Virginia. If you recall from season had remained steadfast in their loyalty to Charles the first and upon his death to house Stewart while the loyalties of Maryland Maryland were more ambiguous than what was going on in Virginia Maryland unfortunately was just in the wrong place at the wrong time combined. With an influx of puritans he inauguration under the newly enacted act considering religion Maryland quickly fell under control. Baltimore was able to maintain authority and portions of the colony. While puritans ends seeking to form a society like New England controlled the rest. Baltimore eventually made his pleas for help to Oliver Cromwell personally Krummel. Obviously Fli was aware that he had to keep the major lords of England. Happy and had little interesting getting on the wrong side of Baltimore. He was tired of war and was not terribly interested in starting and another one at the same time cromwell appeared in himself you. The American periods as often acting excessively a compromise was eventually reached which saw crumble reinstate Baltimore into power while at the same time getting Baltimore to agree to a full pardon for those who had seized the colony as a result the Maryland. Puritans begrudgingly accepted the act concerning religion politically. This is how the situation is going to stay for. The near future Maryland Maryland would remain tolerant of all Christian religions and would manage to avoid becoming a period in haven at the same time however Maryland never does become the Catholic half the colony either. Protestants always outnumbered the Catholics by a relatively large margin. Okay with that. I think we have Maryland on solid footing that we can move forward in our story and not be totally lost when we return there in time with this mistake remedied. We can move forward and spend the next next few episodes introducing the Carolinas. So I will see you all back. You're in two weeks time and we will dive into the Carolinas and get another colony about its feet. I appreciate you all listening and I will see you back here in two.